Proper planting of tulips in autumn is the key to their early and longest flowering. Knowing when and where, and most importantly, how to plant a decorative culture correctly, you can get an excellent result and beautifully decorate the local area or garden plot.
When is it better to plant tulips: autumn or spring
Bulbous crops planted in the spring do not have much difference in care from the tulips of autumn planting.
The choice of the season depends on the climatic conditions, among other things, the autumn and spring plantings have their advantages and disadvantages, which must be taken into account.
Pros and cons of each season
General landing dates: table
The assortment of bulbous plants is rich, for each species there are optimal planting dates, which vary depending on the season and the region of cultivation.
Rooting of tulip bulbs takes about a month and a half, so it is very important to strictly observe the timing of the autumn planting. An ornamental culture, even before the onset of frost, must grow a good root lobe that feeds the plant throughout the winter period. When planting too early, the growth processes of the flower are activated, and late planting does not allow the roots to fully develop. If the recommended planting dates are violated, delayed flowering, winter freezing or death of the plant are observed.
About the rules for the autumn planting of other bulbous flowers, you can learn more from the material: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/posadka-lukovichnyx-cvetov-osenyu.html
How and where to store bulbs until autumn planting
In the process of storing tulip bulbs until autumn planting, certain requirements must be met:
- at the initial stage of storage, the temperature regime should be approximately 23-25aboutWITH;
- by the onset of August, the temperature in the storage should be lowered to 20aboutWITH;
- about a week before planting on open ground flower beds, the temperature drops to 15aboutWITH;
- excessive moisture in the storage should be prevented, as otherwise the risk of bacterial and fungal diseases increases;
- it is important to monitor the humidity of the air in the storage, otherwise the bulbs may dry out or die;
- the room should be well ventilated.
If necessary, the lower shelf of a conventional refrigerator can be used for storage.
Experienced growers advise wrapping the flower bulbs with newsprint, which will prevent the development of diseases, decay or excessive drying.
How to process the bulbs before planting
Pre-planting treatment is a very important stage that improves the survival rate and is the prevention of diseases and pests of ornamental crops. For this purpose, industrial preparations or time-tested folk remedies can be used.
The main methods of preparation:
- Peeling the bulbs from the husk.
- Visual analysis of planting material for damage and lesions by pathogenic microflora.
- Sort the bulbs according to size.
- Disinfection procedure.
Hard integumentary scales are removed from the planting material, under which hidden foci of infection are most often located.
Bulbs peeled from the husk are better absorbed from the soil
After cleaning and careful inspection, the bulbs are sorted by diameter.
Traditionally, a weak pink solution of potassium permanganate or a modern antifungal drug Fundazol is used for processing planting material, 15 g of which is dissolved in 5 liters of water
There is a wide range of state-of-the-art treatments on sale that protect the bulbs and stimulate their growth processes.
Is it worth fertilizing the land
For the cultivation of tulips, flower beds are distinguished with light, sandy loam, and humus-rich soils. Sandy and heavy soil is unsuitable for such a flower culture. River coarse sand is necessarily introduced into the clay soil, and too light sandy soil can be improved with the help of humus, peat or sod soil.
The material on how to care for the soil in the country will also be useful: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/ot-chego-zavisit-plodorodie-pochvy.html
The ornamental plant feels best in well-lit, without stagnant water and well protected from gusts of cold wind, flower beds, but late-flowering varieties can be placed in partial shade. Too much shading will cause the bulbs to shred.
To combat the high occurrence of groundwater, drainage grooves are installed at a depth of half a meter.
Excessive organic matter can adversely affect the flowering process. In this case, the flowers have an irregular shape, and all the forming peduncles differ in curvature. When applying fresh manure in any amount, rotting of the plant roots is often noted, so such daughter bulbs are unsuitable for reproduction.
Green manure plants plowed into the ground, as well as previously disinfected compost, have a good effect on the growth and development of tulips. It is very important that the soil of the flower garden has a neutral or alkaline reaction; for this, measures are taken to liming the soil. However, in a number of countries, fertilization for tulip cultivation is considered extremely harmful. In addition to organic matter, the introduction of mineral fertilizers is of no small importance, which positively affects the flowering time and the size of the bulbs.
You can learn how to liming the soil in the garden from the material: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/izvestkovanie-pochvy.html
How to plant tulips outdoors
Immediately after the etching procedure, the planting material is planted on pre-prepared flower beds. Lost planting time threatens to swell the bulbs and reduce germination. For planting, it is necessary to make special grooves, the depth of which is about 10-15 cm.
The standard planting spacing between bulbs is about 9-10 cm, but on heavy soils, planting is carried out at a shallow depth
On light soil, the bulbs are planted deeper. Among other things, varietal characteristics affect the planting depth:
- the bulbs of the extra-class varieties are deepened by 15–18 cm;
- planting material II-III parsing are planted to a depth of 10–12 cm;
- children are planted with a slight deepening.
On dry soil, furrows must be spilled abundantly with settled warm water. Fertilizer is applied to the bottom, if such an event was not carried out during the digging process. It is lightly sprinkled with sand, after which the bulbs are planted with the bottom down. To minimize the risk of root debris, the planting material should not be strongly pressed into the soil, and before backfilling, the bulbs are lightly powdered with ordinary wood ash. Tulips are planted on the old flower garden after about 3-4 years.
How to plant in boxes and containers
Growing tulips in boxes and containers is very popular in many countries, including Russia.
The container must be roomy, which will allow you to plant a large number of bulbs.
To fill a container or box, preference should be given to ready-made potting mixes that are guaranteed to be disinfected and free of plant parasites. If necessary, the nutrient substrate is prepared independently by mixing garden soil, vermiculite, high-quality humus, clean medium-fraction sand and perlite with the addition of coconut fiber. The structure of the finished mixture must be sufficiently loose.
The marking of the site for the placement of containers is carried out in the autumn period, approximately in September. Containers or boxes are placed in the dug planting holes, the bottom of which is covered with sand, after which tulip bulbs are planted. The scheme of their placement varies within 4-15 cm and directly depends on the size of the planting material and the variety of ornamental culture. All bulbs are sprinkled with a nutritious soil substrate, after which the planting is mulched with a two-centimeter layer of humus or peat.
What kind of care do tulips need after planting
With strict adherence to all planting rules, in about 4 weeks, the bulbs acclimatize and form a powerful, healthy and strong root system.
Ornamental bulbous crops are not too whimsical to care for, but they need sufficient care and attention from the moment the first leaves form to preparation for winter.
Caring for a plant after planting involves:
- irrigation measures, which should be especially plentiful at the stage of budding and during the period of mass flowering;
- the regime of abundant watering must be maintained for two weeks after flowering;
- regular removal of all weeds on flower beds, as well as shallow loosening of the soil around the ornamental crop;
- three times fertilization.
For feeding tulips, special liquid preparations or products in granular form are used, which should be applied three times during the growing season:
- during the formation of the first shoots, feeding is carried out with a mixture based on a couple of parts of nitrogen, the same amount of phosphorus salts, as well as part of potassium compounds;
- at the stage of green bud formation, the ornamental culture is fed with nitrogen and phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, which are applied in a ratio of 1: 2: 2;
- immediately after flowering, phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are applied without supplementing with nitrogen components.
An important procedure included in the standard tulip care is pruning withered flowers and peduncles. Such an event promotes good ripening of the bulbs, which subsequently become very high-quality and productive planting material.
Growing tulips outdoors is fun and easy. However, it is precisely the observance of all the rules of autumn planting and a competent approach to caring for an ornamental crop that guarantees a beautiful flower garden and healthy bulbs suitable for plant propagation.
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Tulips: planting in the fall in open ground
Author: Natalya Category: Garden Plants Published: February 22, 2019 Last edited: November 03, 2020
- Listen to the article
- When to plant tulips in the fall in the ground
- Landing dates
- When to plant in the suburbs
- Tulips in autumn in the Leningrad region
- When to plant tulips in the Urals
- Landing in Siberia
- Planting tulips in the ground before winter
- Soil for tulips
- What depth to plant
- Caring for tulips after planting
- Autumn care
- Caring for tulips in winter
- How to store tulips until autumn planting
- Comments (1)
Tulips - one of the most beautiful spring flowers, and there is hardly a single garden in which tulips do not bloom in spring. It should be noted that, in addition to decorative qualities, these flowers have another advantage - unpretentiousness. Fiddle with them a little, and the result always justifies the effort. But, like every plant, tulips have their own growing conditions. For example, tulip bulbs are best planted in open ground in mid-autumn, before winter.
Autumn planting of tulips is a responsible business, because the attractiveness of your spring flower bed depends on how successful it will be. Therefore, when planning to plant tulips in the fall, think in advance and prepare the whole process to the smallest detail.
Digging and storing bulbs
Tulips are dug up annually. Exceptions are baby bulbs, which remain in the ground for 2 years. What is it for: sick specimens are rejected, the appearance is improved (enlargement of flowers), the ability to give children increases.
There are a number of rules for when and how the digging is done:
- Do not miss the moment: you need to dig out tulips when the leaf is 2/3 dry. If you get the bulb earlier, then it will not have time to collect the necessary supply for subsequent flowering. Late extraction is fraught with the fact that the mother's part will go deeper into the ground, and the babies will separate from it. There is a high probability of missing or damaging the planting material.
- Arm yourself with a bayonet shovel: you must stick it deeply and with a "margin" around the edges, so as not to damage the flowers.
- Change the bed every 3 years.
Now more about how to store tulips before planting in the fall. The resulting nests must be divided, freed from husks, roots, and remnants of leaves. Then they are washed (if necessary), antifungal treatment is carried out and dried. Before laying the planting material in boxes, it is necessary to sort it by grades and by sorting. Remove diseased specimens.
Successful planting of tulips in the fall in the ground depends on adherence to temperature and humidity. The bulbs are stored in boxes without a lid, placing them in 2-3 layers. They need to be inspected periodically to remove decaying specimens. The storage temperature is gradually reduced: in July it is 23-25 °, in August - 20 °, in September - 17 °. Failure to comply with the temperature limits leads to the appearance of blind shoots on which a flower does not form.
If during the inspection you find rot or mold, then you can try to save the tulips. If mildew is not widespread, remove it with a dry cloth and sprinkle with ash. If the decay has gone deep, cut off the affected part with a knife. Sprinkle the cut with ash or brush with brilliant green.
Video "How to dig up and store tulips after flowering"
When to plant tulips in autumn
Before deciding on the timing of planting, you need to clarify a couple of important points:
- If the bulbs are planted too early, the flowers may sprout in the fall. And the first frosts will damage the sprouts.
- If time is lost and the flowers are planted late, then the tulips do not have time to root well. And then in the spring the bulbs germinate later.
The most accurate determination of the time for planting the bulbs will help to measure the temperature of the soil at a depth of about 15 cm. For good rooting of the plant, it should be 8-10 degrees Celsius. It should be borne in mind that for good germination, the roots need a period of 20-25 days.
The surface of the earth can already be bound by a light frost, and the air temperature can be kept at the level of 0 .. + 2 degrees.
Autumn weather in some regions is rather unstable. In order not to miss a favorable period, you can measure the temperature of the soil at a depth of 10-15 cm.
Depending on the region
The date in which month to plant tulips in the fall depends on the region. Climatic autumn conditions vary greatly by region and these features cannot be ignored.
Below we will tell you when to plant tulips in the fall in the Moscow region, as well as in other regions and countries.
In Central Russia (Moscow region), tulips can be planted from early September to early October. At about the same time, gardeners are planting garlic before winter.
Autumn is usually rainy; night frosts are not uncommon at the end of September. In early October, wet snow falls.
In the regions of Siberia, the difficulties in growing tulips are caused not only by deep freezing of the soil. Severe return frosts are a fairly common occurrence, which also creates problems. The mild summers are usually dry.
The harsh climate of the region forces the grower to be very careful when planting plants in winter. Autumn in the region is short, cold and rainy, which does not have a very good effect on the development of tulip bulbs.
They are lowered into the ground at the end of August-September, when the ground is shackled by the first frosts.If the weather remains warm in September, then the bulbs can be planted until the middle of the month.
Experienced gardeners cover the planting of tulips and other perennial flowers in autumn with a layer of sawdust, peat or spruce branches. Additional protection of plantings from frost will help preserve the planting material in the winter with little snow.
The Ural climate is somewhat milder than the Siberian one. In the Middle Urals, tulips are planted in autumn in mid-September. In the southern regions of the Urals, it is advisable to plant bulbs in the first half of October.
South of the country
This applies to the Crimea, Kuban, Stavropol Territory and other regions with warm and mild winters, dry autumn, which allows you to take your time planting tulip planting material. It is optimal to immerse the bulbs in the soil in October, until the end of the month.
In Ukraine, September is characterized by rainy warm weather and is similar in temperature level to the southern territories of Russia. A suitable period for planting tulip bulbs is late September-early October.
Depending on the region of the country, flower growers plant bulbous plants from the beginning of September to October.
The lunar calendar for 2020 will help determine the dates for planting tulips in the fall. Suitable days for planting tulip bulbs:
- August: 5-10
- September: 3-9, 15, 16, 19-21, 24-30
- October: 3-6, 8-11, 13-15, 36-28
- November: 5-9
- August: 3, 4, 19
- September: 2, 17, 18
- October: 16, 17, 31
- November: 14-16, 29, 30
Bulbous plants are best planted in the days of Taurus (then they bloom especially long and beautifully). Libra is also a powerful fertile sign.
It is not worth planting tulips in the fall under the sign of Cancer, this lowers their winter hardiness. We also do not recommend Pisces - rotting is possible.