Daphne Plant Types: Growing Daphne Plants In The Garden
By Jackie Carroll
You can find daphne plant types to suit most any need, from shrub borders and foundation plantings to stand-alone specimens. Find out about the different daphne plant types and how to care for them in this article.
No Flowers On Daphne Plants – Reasons For Daphne Not Blooming
By Teo Spengler
Daphne plants are not always easy to grow, and even those with vigorous foliage don't necessarily flower. If you find your Daphne not blooming, you'll want to read some tips on how to get blooms on Daphne plants. Click here to learn more.
Pruning Winter Daphne: How And When To Cut Back Daphne
By Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist
Daphne shrubs generally do not need to be pruned unless they are growing into another plant. If this does become necessary, it is important to know how to prune daphne. This article will help with that.
Growing Winter Daphne Plants: Care For Winter Daphne
By Becca Badgett, Co-author of How to Grow an EMERGENCY Garden
Daphne plants are short-lived evergreen shrubs. Gardeners often complain that growing winter daphne is difficult. Follow the suggestions in this article for successful growth and blooms on your daphne bushes.
Trees with Winter Flowers
Does your garden seem monotonous in the winter with a blanket of white snow covering everything? Adding trees with winter flowers may help you stage year-round color, as many winter flowering trees bloom throughout different seasons.
With the right combination of flowering plants, your home can look stunning all the time. Some plants grow over the colder winter months, from trees and shrubs to ground cover and statement blooms. They each offer something unusual.
The colors, textures, fragrance, flowers, and foliage on each plant are unique. Use them to decorate and beautify your snowy winter garden any way you see fit. Layer companion plants for a stunning landscape, or try bringing more life to your garden using vegetation like berries and flowers that animals feed on in the cold.
Here, we show you several of our favorite examples and tell you how to care for each one. Find the right flowering trees for your climate and plant them in the right spot for their needs.
- Growing Flowering Trees over the Winter Months
- Trees with Winter Flowers
- Siberian Dogwood (Cornus alba ‘Sibirica’)
- Camellias (Camellia C. oleifera) – A Cold Hardy Hybrid
- Winter Daphne (Daphne odora)
- Winter Flowering Cherry (Prunus subhirtella) – A Hardy Cherry Tree
- Witch Hazel (Hamamelis virginiana)
- Arrowwood ‘Dawn’ (Viburnum x bodnantense) – Plant for Winter Berries
- Wintersweet (Chimonanthus praecox)
- Honeysuckle ‘Winter Beauty’ (Lonicera x purpusi) – Entices Wildlife
- Kobushi Magnolia ‘Leonard Messel’ (Magnolia x loebneri)
- Winter Jasmine (Jasminum nudiflorum) – A Statement Plant
- Scarlet Firethorn (Pyracantha coccinea)
- Smoke Tree (Cotinus coggygria) – Best for Texture and Color
- Paperbush (Edgeworthia chrysantha)
- ‘Oklahoma’ Redbud (Cercis reniformis ‘Oklahoma’) – A Bright Statement
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Maple Tree · Gardenality Genius · Zone 10A · 30° to 35° F
Tina-You are very welcome. This plant is not only enjoyed for its beautiful varigated foliage but its wonderful fragrance as you noticed. Its a great plant to locate close to patios, decks, under windows, and other areas where their fragrance can be appreciated. I noted links below for the Variegated Winter Daphne plant file and an article about the Winter Daphne in Gardenality you may be interested in. Just click on the links to go directly to this information or you can type Daphne in the search box under the 'Plants' and 'Articles' tab above any page to find the information. You can also cut and paste these links in your browser to go to this information.
Winter in Sonoma County can bring on days of cold, gray doldrums. Even when the garden seems to have the winter blahs, there is a wonderful plant that will puncture the gloom. This shining star is Daphne. A delicious, sweet odor is the hallmark of this lovely shrub that is native to Europe, North Africa and Asia. In myth, Daphne was the daughter of a river god who was so pursued by Apollo that her father changed her into a laurel tree to escape him. (Just to make things confusing, daphne is the Greek name for the laurel, even though botanically daphne and laurels are not related.)
An evergreen or semi-evergreen shrub with pinkish-white to pink flowers, divine-smelling daphne can be grown in varied locales. However, all daphnes require semi-shade, well amended and fast-draining soil that retains enough moisture to prevent it from drying out completely, and a cover of mulch over their roots. During the dry season, irrigate infrequently, as restricted water increases flowering next spring. Daphnes do not require much pruning but may be tip pruned for shaping after flowers fade. Feed right after bloom with a complete fertilizer.
Daphnes are great as companion plants in an herbaceous border or as foundation plantings around a house. Because their flower scent is so intoxicating, they are a great choice for a walkway or a semi-shaded porch or deck. Their growth habit is slow to moderate size among varieties varies from a low mat to shrubs that can reach 5 ft. tall. Most daphnes do not transplant well, so site the plant where it will live permanently. All parts of daphnes are poisonous and all are deer resistant.
Daphne odora (winter daphne) is an evergreen shrub with perhaps the most strongly scented flowers of all daphnes, as its species name suggests. It can sometimes display unpredictable behavior: It can flourish for years and then die without warning. Winter daphne is a very neat plant to 4 ft. high and wide with narrow, thick glossy green leaves and masses of fragrant flowers in late winter. ‘Aureo-Marginata’ is widely grown and has variegated leaves with cream-colored margins.
Daphne cneorum (garland daphne) is a pretty rock garden, front of a border, or pathway plant. It is evergreen and matting, less than 1 ft. high, with a spreading habit to 3 ft. wide. Trailing narrow glossy green branches are covered with fragrant spring blossoms. After bloom, top dress with compost or similar material to encourage additional rooting of stems. Cultivars include ‘Eximia,’ ‘Pgymaea Alba,’ and ‘Variegata.’
Daphne x burkwoodii is evergreen to semi-evergreen in Sonoma County. It develops into an attractive, well-formed shrub 3-4 ft. tall with narrow leaves. Blooms appear in spring and often repeat in late summer. ‘Carol Mackie’ is a variegated version, with a gold edge to green leaves.
Patty's Plant Picks: Daphne Odora
Our last two posts have highlighted sweetly-scented winter bloomers, sarcococca (sweet box) and hamamelis (witch hazel). To continue with our winter fragrance theme, let’s talk about daphne odora, or winter daphne. Often placed near doorways and walkways, the jasmine-like scent of this lovely shrub wafts from Pacific Northwest gardens from late January through March.
Daphne odora 'Aureomarginata’
Native to China, the shrub is known for its highly perfumed white, pink or lavender tubular flowers. The form of winter daphne is open and airy, with a superb architectural shape all its own. The foliage is shiny green, and variegated in some cultivars. Most daphnes are evergreen, but there are some semi-evergreen and deciduous varieties.
Daphne has a bit of a reputation as a finicky girl, but show her the forethought and attention she deserves, and she’ll strive to please. Poor drainage will be the death of daphne, so place the root ball high in the soil at planting, and amend with organic, humus-type materials such as coarse bark. D. odora does not tolerate too much summer water as this can lead to root rot. Locate daphne where it will get afternoon shade, or dappled shade all day, and where it will have plenty of room to reach maturity without being crowded by other plants—daphne does not like to be disturbed once it settles in. Winter daphne benefits from a soil-cooling ground cover as a companion plant. Be sure to plant companion groundcover with the shrub to avoid disturbing the daphne's roots once it's established.
The variegated form ‘Aureomarginata’ is probably the most well-known and widely available cultivar, but it is by no means the only daphne available. This article (PDF) from Oregon garden writer Elizabeth Petersen details some fabulous varieties, as well as more tips to help your daphne thrive.
Daphne might sound fussy, but when planted where drainage is great and soil is rich in humus, it can thrive for 8-10 years. Although relatively short-lived and requiring a little extra care at planting, its heavenly fragrance is well worth the effort.
West Seattle resident Patty J Campbell is a botanist and garden authority with forty years experience in Western Washington landscapes.