Is corn useful or harmful, what are its useful properties

 Is corn useful or harmful, what are its useful properties

If under Khrushchev corn was grown everywhere, respectfully calling it “Russian gold” and “the queen of the fields”, now the interest of gardeners in this vegetable plant has subsided. It is far more common to see corn on store shelves in the form of cereals, flour, butter, or canned grains than to see it growing in someone's garden. But corn is valued not only for its taste - its useful properties are not inferior to beans, carrots, tomatoes and other vegetable crops!

What is useful in corn, what vitamins and minerals it contains

On an industrial scale, corn is now grown in the Rostov and Volgograd regions, in the Krasnodar Territory and other southern regions. But even in the climatic conditions of Siberia, you can get a good harvest of corn cobs if you provide the plants with sufficient moisture and protect them from frost. Corn cobs ripen by August, they can be harvested until the end of September, immediately eating or harvesting for future use.

The usefulness of corn also lies in the fact that it supplies our body with unsaturated fatty acids

Corn has a balanced composition of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, and in terms of protein content, corn grains are not far behind meat - vegetarians and those who seek to reduce the amount of meat in their diet should pay special attention to this vegetable plant.

Video about the beneficial properties of corn

The usefulness of corn also lies in the fact that it supplies our body with unsaturated fatty acids (arachidonic, linoleic, linolenic) and essential amino acids (tryptophan and lysine).

Vitamins and trace elements contained in corn grains:

  • vitamins B1, B2, PP, E, C, D, K;
  • mineral salts of potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, calcium, iron, sodium;
  • trace elements nickel and copper.

It should be noted that during the cooking process, some vitamins and trace elements are lost, but this is no reason to doubt: is corn useful after heat treatment? At least 20% of the vitamins and minerals in the cooked corn remain.

Corn - harm and benefit to our body?

As a valuable food rich in vitamins and nutrients, corn can be a useful addition to the daily diet, especially for children and those who are looking for a healthy diet. The unsaturated acids contained in corn help to remove harmful cholesterol from the body, which means that by adding corn to fatty foods, you can at least slightly neutralize their harm. Along with beans and beans, corn kernels can become the mainstay of a vegetarian diet.

Eating corn has a beneficial effect on the gastrointestinal tract and relieves constipation

Why corn is useful:

  • the use of corn has a beneficial effect on the work of the gastrointestinal tract and relieves constipation;
  • cornstarch promotes the formation of muscle fibers and nourishes nerve cells;
  • pectins contained in grains exhibit antitumor activity;
  • glutamic acid improves memory, and also has a beneficial effect on metabolic processes in the brain;
  • young corn well cleanses the body of harmful substances and accumulated toxins;
  • the choleretic properties of corn are used in the treatment of hepatitis, cholecystitis;
  • corn dishes are recommended for those who suffer from obesity, diabetes, allergies;
  • useful corn as a dietary food for nephritis, epilepsy, gout and liver diseases.

Corn video

As you can see, the benefits of corn are huge, and even in the absence of these health problems, it should be consumed as often as possible. Do not limit yourself only to cobs of boiled corn - the grains can be eaten baked and fried, added to salads, soups, casseroles, stews, cereals. Small ears are eaten raw (milk corn) and fried on the grill.

Corn can be harmful only if you have any problems with the stomach, intestines, or increased blood clotting. And, no doubt, the harm of corn will not slow down if you eat large quantities of cornflakes, chips or popcorn, since many harmful additives and artificial substitutes are used in the manufacture of these products. The beneficial properties of corn in such products are completely absent.


Is it possible to eat boiled corn while losing weight: calories, benefits and harms in the fight against extra pounds

Corn (aka maize) has earned the title of "queen of the fields" due to its high yield and unpretentiousness. It is used for making flour, cereals, cereals, canning, and boiled with whole cobs. Corn grains, sweet and hearty, are loved by many.

The question of whether to consider corn a dietary product is being discussed quite actively. She has supporters who believe that due to its low calorie content, it is perfect for those who want to lose weight. Opponents of this product claim that yellow cobs are too high in calories and unsuitable even for a light diet. In the article we will talk about whether or not corn is possible for weight loss, and what specific properties this product has.


Composition, nutritional value and calorie content

The benefits of any food product are determined by its composition. Spinach is no exception. First of all, its low calorie content is impressive. Only 23 kcal per 100 g of the product allow it to be used in the diet of those who want to lose extra pounds. Despite the low calorie content, the vegetable contains all the substances a person needs, but their amount is small.

For every 100 g of product, there are:

  • 2.9 g of protein, represented by both nonessential and essential amino acids, is higher only in legumes
  • 0.3 g fat, consisting of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids
  • 2 g carbohydrates, including mono and disaccharides, and a small amount of starch
  • 1.3 g dietary fiber.

The main value of spinach is minerals and vitamins. This green herb can provide a person with almost full daily intake of vitamin A, and beta carotene, four times the amount of vitamin K. It also contains ascorbic acid - more than overseas lemons. And also vitamins of group B, PP, E and H, though not in such significant quantities. The mineral composition is also rich. First of all, it is iron. It is enough to eat 150 g of spinach to get its full daily value. There is potassium, which is so necessary for the heart - 1/3 of the daily requirement, and calcium, which is 0.1 of the daily value in a vegetable, helps to maintain the skeletal system. This vegetable contains selenium, copper, manganese and other trace elements.


Shiitake mushrooms: what are they?

Shiitake mushrooms (other names - "Chinese mushrooms", "imperial mushrooms", "elixir of life") are the world's most grown edible tree mushrooms of the genus Lentinula, which are native to China. In Japan, China and some Asian countries, they can be found in the wild. In other countries, these mushrooms are grown in artificial conditions. There are several ways to grow shiitake, the most popular of which is growing with pressed sawdust mixed with mycelium. This method of cultivation began to be actively used since the 70s of the last century, when the demand for shiitake grew rapidly.

Mushrooms grown in artificial conditions, which can be purchased in our supermarkets, have excellent taste, but contain very few nutrients in their composition. Only shiitake grown naturally or on wooden decks have medicinal properties. Extracts of just such mushrooms are suitable for the manufacture of dietary supplements (biologically active additives) or drugs.

Shiitake mushroom has a dense, fleshy texture, and in appearance resembles a regular champignon, but a richer brown color. Its lamellar cap is covered with cracks and small scales. The average diameter of the cap is 13-18 cm. Some shiitake mushrooms have a fringe, which is a protective membrane that ruptures after the pores have matured. The average weight of one mushroom is 85-105 g.

These mushrooms are sold canned, fresh, dried or in powder form.


Recommendations

  1. To get the least harm from the product, it is advisable to eat popcorn without any flavors... The calorie content of such a delicacy will be significantly lower, as well as the content of substances harmful to health.
  2. Most healthy popcorn cooked in at home... You will need corn kernels, vegetable oil and sugar (or salt, depending on preference) to prepare the snack. Next, mix the ingredients and send either to the pan or to the microwave. As you can see, there are no chemical additives or preservatives in such a delicacy, which means that the snack will not bring colossal harm.


Interesting Facts

Original varieties of corn

Corn is interesting not only for its nutritional qualities, but also for its history.

  • Corn is called so only in our country, in other countries its name is maize.
  • This plant was in the diet of the Indians for another 10 thousand years before the advent of our era. Corn was brought to Russia only in the 17th century.
  • This culture can grow up to 7 meters, which is comparable to the height of a two-story house.
  • This plant does not occur in the wild.
  • The ear of this culture always contains even numbers of flowers, and the number of seeds is also always even.
  • Corn kernels are not only yellow, but also purple, white, red, black. There are even varieties with multi-colored seeds.

Corn variety "Glass Gem"

  • An interesting variety is "Glass Gem", in which the grains look like multi-colored beads, and different color combinations can be on the same cob. They are used to make jewelry and decorative items.
  • People have learned to use all parts of corn: grains, stalks, leaves, cobs, fibers, stigmas. They are used to produce animal feed, alcohol, plastic, plaster, paste and much more.
  • This plant is grown on all continents. It is especially popular in the USA and Mexico. Brazil, Argentina, India. In Russia, the main corn crop is grown in the Krasnodar and Stavropol Territories.
  • Most of all corn is consumed by Mexicans. A Mexican eats up to 90 kg of this plant per year. Everyone knows Mexican tortillas made from cornmeal tortilla.
  • Corn is very sweet, but within 6 hours after harvesting the cobs, they lose half of their sugar. The sweetest cobs of young corn.
  • During excavations, archaeologists concluded that the American Indians ate popcorn. The grains were mixed with sand and placed next to the fire, the grains burst, and the Indians ate them with pleasure.
  • The most useful whole grains of the cob to eat. Popcorn and corn sticks are of no use.
  • It is believed that the most valuable product for medical purposes is the "hair" of corn, a special fiber that sits on top of the ear called "stigma". They have a rich vitamin composition.
  • The ears must be boiled in unsalted water, otherwise the beans will be tough. Young corn is cooked for only 15 minutes. The product is salted before use.


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