Begonia Elatior

Begonia Elatior

Each of the plants has its own unique beauty. However, among them, those crops stand out that are most popular with florists and gardeners. It is to such plants that begonia elatior belongs.

Features of begonia eliator

Begonia is a perennial ornamental plant. In nature, it is found in the highlands of tropical hot forests. This plant has a characteristic feature - this is a pronounced asymmetry of the leaf plates. The flowers of this plant are distinguished by their splendor and high decorativeness. This plant is cultivated both indoors and in the garden.

The genus got its name in honor of its discoverer - Begon. In natural conditions, this plant was found in South America, India and Africa. Begonia was first discovered and described in the Antilles. At the moment, there are only 6 species of this plant, however, thanks to the efforts of breeders, more than one thousand different varieties have already appeared. But among all this variety, there are no tall and medium-sized varieties. The bushes are quite low, and therefore they are most often used to decorate rooms. This ornamental plant is often used as a climbing culture. Begonia eliator is a spectacular bush with lush flowers. This is what explains the high popularity of this plant.

Scientists have found that such a flower is able to cleanse the air from pathogenic microbes. It secretes phytoncides that fight staphylococcus most effectively. It is because of this that you can increasingly meet begonia in kindergartens and medical institutions.

The most vigorous varieties of this plant reach a height of 25 to 37 centimeters. Medium-sized varieties include those whose height varies from 15 to 18 centimeters. Low-growing bushes are only 8-15 centimeters high. Breeders managed to breed varieties:

  • with a shrub structure;
  • with upright shoots;
  • with climbing stems.

Even a variety has been developed that is capable of blooming all year round, but in the middle latitudes it is impossible to cultivate it in the open field. Such a plant needs warmth throughout the year.

Begonia is divided into three main categories:

  • bush - has no pronounced specificity;
  • deciduous-ornamental - leaf plates are medium or large, and they are decorated with wide stripes;
  • tuberous - in this group, representatives differ from each other only in flowers and shoots.

Interestingly, this plant is capable of forming a different root system. And what kind of root system the bush will have depends on the growing conditions. For example, when growing begonias outdoors, tubers are formed. A bush growing indoors has fibrous or rhizome roots. In those specimens in which tubers are formed, the most powerful and tall shoots grow. And flowers with a fibrous or rhizome root system are ideal for planting in decorative baskets.

My BEGONI ELATIOR and others.

Elatior begonia care at home

Illumination

In order for begonia elatior to bloom luxuriantly and develop well, it needs a large amount of bright sunlight, but at the same time it must be diffused. Window sills of western or eastern orientation are best suited for such a flower. The fact is that on the southern window, due to excessively bright illumination, burns may form on the surface of the foliage, and the northern window sill is not suitable because there is very little light there. Remember that light shading is best for this crop.

In cold weather, when the sun is no longer shining so brightly, begonia can develop well only with the use of additional supplementary lighting. Remember that the bush should be taught to brighter lighting gradually, otherwise burns may form on its foliage, which has an extremely negative effect on the decorativeness of the plant. And if the plant is still young and fragile, then the rapid increase in illumination can cause its death.

Temperature regime

For such begonias, an air temperature of 21-25 degrees is ideal. Please note that it must be warm at all times. If the bush stays even for a very short time in the cold, then it can be very badly damaged. In this regard, protect the flower from exposure to low temperatures.

Cold drafts can also severely harm the plant, and the temperature difference can be very small (2-3 degrees).

Transfer

Experienced flower growers advise replanting begonias only if you cannot do without it. If you just bought a flower in a store, then take its transplant seriously, while taking into account all the requirements and recommendations. In this case, you will be able to avoid transplanting an adult bush in the future. Please note that the root system of begonia is very sensitive, and even if it receives minor damage during transplantation, this can lead to the death of the flower.

A store-bought bush should be transplanted from a shipping container into a permanent one only after it has completely bloomed. But sometimes it happens that you have to transplant begonia earlier than recommended by experts. In this case, you should be even more careful and careful. Step-by-step description of the transplant procedure:

  1. When 4 to 6 hours remain before transplanting, be sure to water the substrate well in the flower pot.
  2. Take a new pot and make a good drainage layer on the bottom. For this, it is recommended to use sphagnum moss mixed with expanded clay.
  3. Then the drainage layer is covered with a small layer of prepared soil mixture. Please note that even if you bought the substrate in the store, it still needs to be disinfected, for example, calcined in the oven. The layer of soil mixture should be such that, after transplanting, the bush is in the new container at the same level as in the old pot.
  4. Begonia is transplanted using the transshipment method. To do this, the flower is very carefully removed from the old container, trying to keep the earthen lump as intact as possible.
  5. Place the plant in a new pot and carefully fill any voids with fresh earth mixture.
  6. Compact the surface of the substrate and water the bush. It is not necessary to water the plant too abundantly.

Please note that even if you transplant the bush very carefully, it will still hurt for a long time. Therefore, before the transplant, you need to think carefully again, it may be possible to do without this procedure.

Elatior begonias: choice, care, reproduction

Fertilizer

They begin to feed this culture only when the first buds are formed on the bush. Moreover, you do not need to wait until the entire bush is covered with flowers; it is recommended to apply fertilizer already at the beginning of the budding period. It is best to use a complex fertilizer in liquid form for dressing. It is mixed with water for irrigation once every 10 days and carefully poured under the root of the flower. Systematic feeding allows you to achieve more abundant and effective flowering.

In winter, after the bush has completely bloomed, it is strictly forbidden to feed it. Because of this, the dormancy of the plant can be disturbed. And sometimes feeding during the dormant period leads to his death.

You can feed the plant with a mixture of potassium and phosphorus. And such feeding is carried out 1 time in 2 weeks, immediately after the beginning of flowering. Experts say that thanks to this top dressing, the decorativeness of the plant increases during the flowering period, and it looks healthier.

How to water

Watering is an important part of indoor begonia care. In order for it to feel good and develop within normal limits, it is necessary to monitor the moisture content of the substrate in the pot, which should be optimal. Also, make sure that no liquid stagnates in the soil mixture, as this can extremely negatively affect the condition of the flower. It should be borne in mind that the stagnation of liquid in the pot is dangerous for the plant at any time of the year.

In the summer, the bush is watered more abundantly. If at this time he will feel a lack of water, this will negatively affect his development. After watering, make sure that all excess liquid flows into the sump, from which it must be poured.

Experienced flower growers are confident that watering should be done at a certain time. For example, if today you water a bush in the afternoon, and next time in the morning, then it will not be able to tune in well for the upcoming watering. Therefore, you need to water the flower strictly at the same time (an error of a quarter of an hour is allowed).

In the warm season, elatior begonias are watered at least once every three days. On especially hot days, watering is carried out immediately after the top layer of the soil mixture in the pot dries up. After the fall comes, the amount of watering should be reduced. With the onset of the cold season, the begonia begins a dormant period. During this period, you need to water the bush even less often.

The resting period of this flower does not end with the onset of calendar spring or after an increase in the length of daylight hours. Only after warm weather is established on the street, the bush is "woken up" with the help of a gradual increase in the frequency and abundance of watering.

For irrigation, you can only use water that is slightly above room temperature. If desired, you can use pre-boiled water. Pour the liquid into the pot very carefully to avoid erosion of the soil mixture.

Pruning

As a rule, growers try to keep the begonia bush compact and lush. To achieve this, he should pinch off the top. This activates the growth of lateral shoots and young foliage. It is necessary to pinch the top in the spring. And if during the growing season you notice that the stems are very elongated, then their tops are also pinched.

Despite the fact that begonia is a perennial, it ages very quickly and loses its decorative effect. Do not forget to regularly clean the bush of wilting flowers and old leaf plates. If this rule is neglected, then this will not only negatively affect the decorative effect of the bush, but also weaken it, since unnecessary flowers and leaves will draw water and nutrients from it. In order for the surface of the substrate to be better ventilated, it is recommended to remove some of the lower leaves.

Experienced flower growers advise, be sure to think over the scheme of shaping the bush while it is still very young. After the stem reaches 60–70 mm in height, the upper part is necessarily pinched, in this case the formation of lateral shoots will significantly improve. After the time comes, a gradual decrease in the frequency and abundance of watering is carried out. Try to provide the right conditions and good care for the flower before the growing season.

The pinching of the tops of the lateral shoots is carried out immediately after their height is equal to 10 centimeters. However, do not pinch the shoots under or level with the outward-facing bud.

This is the formation of young bushes. With further care, you will only have to shorten excessively long shoots and remove dried stems if necessary.

Bloom

Growing in warmth and receiving proper care, begonia blooms luxuriantly and for a very long time. But this is possible only if at the very beginning of budding all female buds are removed.

The graceful and very showy flowers of this plant are outwardly similar to a rose or a carnation. In order for the bush to bloom systematically, you need:

  • rejuvenate it in a timely manner;
  • if necessary, transplant it into a new pot;
  • replace the substrate with a new one (this allows you to get rid of rotting particles of the rhizome remaining in the soil mixture).

Reproduction methods

Growing from seeds

Elatior begonia can be propagated by seed. December is best suited for sowing seeds, but also, if absolutely necessary, it can be carried out in the second half of autumn. The seed material of this plant is highly susceptible to unfavorable factors, therefore it is not recommended to add additional substrates to the soil for sowing.

Seed material, experts advise, to buy in a flower shop and it is better if it is granular, since it is much easier to work with it. Soak the seeds for 30–45 minutes. in a pinkish solution of potassium permanganate, rinse in clean water and plant in pre-moistened peat tablets. The tablets are placed in a tray, and on top they are covered with film or glass. Remember to regularly pour clean water into the sump. Remember that the tablets should be slightly damp at all times. Also, crops must be kept warm (20-22 degrees).

As a rule, the first seedlings appear 2-3 weeks after sowing. The plants are planted in separate pots when the third true leaf blade appears. The second time they dive at about the eighth week of growth. Fortified seedlings are planted in separate pots and gradually accustomed to sunlight. To begin with, they are placed on a well-lit windowsill only in the morning.

Reproduction by leaf or cuttings

For harvesting cuttings or leaves necessary for reproduction, an absolutely healthy, strong and adult bush is used. In height, it must reach at least 12 centimeters. A stem or leaf cutting is rooted in a peat or sandy substrate. Remember to keep the substrate slightly damp. Phytohormones are used to accelerate the emergence of roots.

Begonia Elatior. Reproduction of begonia elatior by leaves and cuttings.

Diseases and pests

Diseases

Begonia Elatior can get powdery mildew. In this case, very small specks of light color are formed on the surface of its foliage. There is a gradual darkening of the leaves and their drying. You can process the bush with a solution of tar soap (for 1 liter of water 20 grams) or copper sulfate (for 1 liter of water 2 grams). You can also use a solution of a fungicidal preparation.

If whitish spots with a slight grayish bloom appear on the bush, this means that it is affected by gray rot. The spots gradually darken and become brown and damp. Treat the diseased bush with a solution of Bordeaux liquid (1%) or any fungicidal preparation.

If the plant is affected by bacterial or ring spot, then it must be destroyed, and the pot must be thoroughly disinfected.

Pests

If a false shield settles on the begonias, then it will begin to weaken and bloom poorly. At the same time, the foliage becomes faded and deformed. You can get rid of this pest by processing an infusion of garlic (the flower is sprayed once every 15 days).

To get rid of aphids, the flower is sprayed with a solution of tobacco infusion (two percent). Moreover, you need to withstand the infusion for two days. You can also use a 2–3% solution of laundry soap. You can also treat the bush with an insecticidal agent.

Types of begonia elatior with photo

Borias

Among all varieties of begonia elatior, the variety "Borias" stands out.It is one of the highly decorative plants, and at the same time it is notable for its low demands on care and growing conditions. The flowering of the bush is observed every six months and this is quite unusual for such a plant. The second time the bush is covered with flowers in the cold season, and at this time, most other indoor plants have a dormant period. However, in order for the bush to bloom twice a year, it should be properly cared for.

The plant of this variety reaches a height of no more than 40 centimeters. Thick shoots adorn asymmetrical heart-shaped leaf plates. The color of the front surface of the foliage is bright green, and the back is pale green and veins are clearly distinguishable on it. Flowers can be regular or double, as a rule, they are painted in 2 different color shades.

Charisma

The varietal group of begonia "Charisma" also stands out. It includes only undersized varieties with glossy green leaves. During flowering, very spectacular double inflorescences are formed, which can be colored in dark salmon, salmon pink, dark pink and reddish orange.

Baladin

The height of the bush of this plant can reach about 30 centimeters. A distinctive feature of this variety is that it blooms very luxuriantly (up to seventy flowers can open on one bush). And all of these flowers can be painted in different shades, for example: red, carmine red and pale pink. That is why such a variety is often referred to as "Bouquet in a Pot". Remember not to touch the flowers, as this can cause staining of the skin of the hands.

Annabelle

In this variety, the bushes are of medium height. The yellow showy flowers are double. This flower is perfect for cultivation both in the garden and at home. Long bloom (from November to July).

Azotus

The bush itself is small, and it can only be grown at home. However, during flowering, spectacular and rather large double flowers of a pink hue open up on it.

Bellona

This plant has stems reaching about 40 centimeters in height. During flowering, they are decorated with flowers of a deep red hue. This variety can only be cultivated indoors.

Kyoto

This variety grows well only in indoor conditions, so it cannot be grown in the garden. During the flowering period, large white flowers open on the bush.

Renaissance

This vigorous plant can reach a height of about 60 centimeters. Terry inflorescences of red hue.

Berseba

This variety, which is highly decorative, stands out from the rest with its lush flowering. The bushes grow very well at room temperature. However, they are very demanding on lighting, which must be bright.

Mix

This variety is very popular among flower growers. But before you decorate your home with it, you need to take into account that such a plant is distinguished by increased demands on growing conditions and care. If you make even minor mistakes in caring for such a begonia, then this can lead to unpleasant consequences.

Florist reviews

Unlike other types of begonia, elatior is quite unpretentious. But still, low humidity in the room and a draft can greatly harm her. It was noticed by flower growers that even in the second and subsequent years of life, the growth of the bush does not stop, which is an undoubted advantage of this species. But in order for the bush to always look neat, you need to cut out the old foliage and shoots in time. In winter, it is extremely difficult to create optimal conditions for a flower, and rusting of the leaves is often noted. However, this begonia is perfect for both the garden and the home.

How to grow Elatior begonia


Diverse begonia: care in the garden and on the windowsill

The inhabitant of the tropical regions of South America, West Africa, South and Southeast Asia is widely used in the pot culture. For many decades, begonia has been one of the leading places in the hundred of the most popular indoor plants. In Russian flower beds it grows like an annual.


Description of home begonia

The Antilles are considered the birthplace of begonias. The plant was discovered there back in 1687 by members of one of the scientific expeditions organized by Michel Begon. Subsequently, plants unknown at that time, found and described by the botanist from France Charles Plumier, who also participated in this trip, were named after him.

In horticulture, there are 125 species of this flower and a large number of hybrid forms, as breeders have done a tremendous and active work over the past decades. The total number of begonias is approaching a thousand. Among this large family, you can find decorative begonias, both flowering and deciduous. Tuberous large-flowering begonias obtained by hybridization are very popular.

In the second half of the nineteenth century, new types of begonias were found in different countries. For example, in India - royal begonia, in Peru - Veich begonia, in Bolivia - Pierce's begonia and Bolivian, in the highlands of South America - tuberous begonia. But florists and gardeners give the greatest preference to Belgian begonias.


Begonia Elatior home care

A tropical guest requires special attention from a grower. Before purchasing a potted culture, you should know that it is very susceptible to stress and changes in environmental conditions. Only if certain rules are observed can you achieve luxurious flowering, and violation of agricultural technology can destroy a luxurious flower.

Location, lighting

Spectacular Elatior is quite light-requiring. In the shade, its shiny crown will turn pale and stretch, and the buds will begin to crumble. For a hybrid, it is important to strike a balance between good lighting and shading, as too much lighting will also not be beneficial. From an excess of light in terry cultivars, fluffiness will significantly decrease, the petals will become pale. This is due to the fact that the perennial belongs to the plants of short daylight hours. Even in winter, the exotic will do without additional lighting. It is enough to cover the delicate leaves from the scorching rays of the sun with tulle, because in the midday hours the hot rays provoke foliage burns.

Important! Bright diffused light is optimal for the normal development of a tropical guest.

Based on the preferences of the flower, it is better to place the flowerpot on the western or eastern windowsill. If this is not possible, and the windows face south, move the container with the flower away from the window or shade it with a curtain. An additional light source will be required on northern windows in winter. Experienced flower growers install a phytolamp and bring the daylight hours of the exotic to 9 hours. Remember that the place for a tropical visitor should be constant, since the flower will shed its buds from a change in the environment.

Temperature

The African guest does not like even the slightest deviation from the temperature regime. With a decrease in the temperature background to 18C, the sissy will lose part of the foliage and buds, and growth will slow down. Such conditions contribute to the activation of spores of pathogenic fungi, which leads to various diseases.

The lower limit of the background is 8-10 .C. This is something to keep in mind when growing some varieties outdoors. As soon as the nighttime temperatures exceed the minimum temperature, the plant will die. You need to dig out the bush before the onset of cool nights and bring it into the house, otherwise you will have to say goodbye to the green pet. It is optimal to keep the room at 22-26⁰C.

Remember that drafts cause irreparable harm to the health of the hybrid. From hypothermia, the delicate root system dies off. To avoid such phenomena, first check the window sill and frame for leaks.

Advice! It is better to seal all the cracks with a sealant, and set the pot on a high circle of polystyrene.

Air humidity

Since exotic grows in a natural environment in a tropical forest, it is important to provide it with high humidity. It is better not to resort to spraying, since water droplets spoil the decorative effect of the flowers. If water drops remain on the surface of the plates, under the influence of the sun, they will turn into miniature magnifying glasses. Evaporation of the liquid will burn the hardwood. You can create optimal humidity by placing the container with a flower on a high pallet filled with moist absorbent. Expanded clay, peat or sphagnum are suitable.

Pot selection

The exotic root system is rather poorly developed. When choosing a container for planting, rely on the following rule - the height and diameter of the pot should be the same. That is, a wide and shallow container is used for planting. Too tight a container interferes with the normal development of the root system, and in a pot that is too bulky, the soil dries out for a long time after watering.

Another important rule is the presence of wide drainage holes. Small holes can become clogged with a lump of soil and lead to the development of root rot.

Substrate

A wide selection of ready-made soil mixtures has a line designed specifically for begonias. The same soil is suitable for growing Saintpaulias, so they are considered interchangeable. The main requirements for the soil are looseness, fertility, lightness, and air permeability.

On a note! For self-preparation of the soil mixture, mix in equal proportions humus, peat and leafy soil, add half a portion of sand.

Experienced growers recommend adding a little perlite or vermiculite to the finished soil. These materials are chemically neutral and do not affect the acidity of the soil. Minerals absorb moisture, gradually giving it to the plant. Due to the porous structure, they increase air exchange, the substances serve as disintegrants and help to retain heat, which is very important for exotics.

Transfer

Usually, the hybrid is not transplanted, since the root system is very sensitive and can die even from minor damage. The purchased plant is left in the transport pot until the end of flowering. If the room flora needs a transplant, it is done very carefully, using the transshipment method. To transplant a bush, use the following instructions:

  • water the soil 3-6 hours before replanting
  • fill the bottom of the selected container with a layer of drainage. Use expanded clay or sphagnum moss
  • cover part of the earth with a layer of such a size so that the bush is at the same level
  • carefully remove the bush from the pot, trying to preserve the earthy ball as much as possible
  • transfer the lump into a new container, add the soil mixture, compact a little and water.

Know! After transplantation, the exotic is likely to be stressful and painful. Try to avoid this procedure whenever possible.

Watering

Irrigation requires a special approach. Elatior is a type of home flora that is best kept underfilled. Excess moisture stagnates in the soil, causing damage to the roots. Water the pot only after the soil is halfway dry. It is better to use immersion irrigation. After the earth is saturated with moisture, wait for the liquid to drain completely and be sure to drain it from the pan. Use only warm, settled water!

Top dressing

Proper care of blooming begonia necessarily includes feeding. The bush spends a lot of its own resources on the formation of buds. Prolonged flowering leads to a rapid depletion of nutrients in the substrate. Feed your pet weekly with complex mineral fertilizer, taking half the required dosage. The best choice will be Kemira-Lux for decorative flowering inhabitants of the windowsill. Potassium dressing is applied 3-4 times during the flowering period. Potassium contributes to the establishment of flower stalks and the correct formation of buds.

Attention! Nitrogen fertilizers and organic matter are contraindicated in a hybrid.

Excess nitrogen provokes "glazing" of the stems. Shoots become translucent, brittle. Nitrogen is good for ornamental deciduous crops, promotes green mass growth. In flowering plants, it slows down the formation of peduncles.

Pruning and pinching

In order for the bush to have compact dimensions, pinch its tops. The procedure has a positive effect on the production of young shoots, increases the volume of green mass. In the spring, pinch off the upper part of the shoot; if the stems are pulled out too much, repeat the procedure.

The perennial culture is aging rapidly, so it is necessary to remove old leaves and wilted corollas in a timely manner. Such "ballast" only draws out plant juices and spoils the decorative effect. Removing some of the lower foliage improves ventilation of the root zone. Cropping of the crop is not carried out due to death after the end of the growing season.


Testimonials

Begonia is famous for its beauty. But at the same time, the plant is still considered quite capricious, its development is easily disturbed by the slightest adverse effects. Not only drafts, but also excessive dryness of the air have a very negative effect. Bacterial lesions are almost impossible to heal.

Judging by the reviews of florists, the Elatior species is less demanding compared to other varieties of the flower. Even when growing begonias for 2 years in a row or more, it will not stop growing. It is enough to remove old and dry branches for fresh shoots to grow rather quickly.

However, maintaining ideal conditions in winter is problematic. Florists also note the danger of leaf rusting. But the plant can be suitable for both a window sill and a flower bed.

For the breeding of begonia elatior, see below.


Watch the video: Como cuidar la begonia Elatior