Dorotheanthus (Dorotheanthus) is a perennial succulent plant from the Aizaceae family. It is often grown outdoors as an annual plant. At home, a succulent can live for many years. There are about 20 species in the genus.
The homeland of dorotheanthus is the countries of South Africa, where a dry hot climate prevails all year round. The plant is suitable for cultivation in mid-latitude regions. Lack of rain, warm and sunny weather are the main living conditions for perennials. In colder climates, the risk of crop death increases.
Dorotheanthus is translated from Latin as "Dorothea's flower". The name Dorothea belonged to the mother of the famous scientist G. Schwantes, who discovered the color. The more common name among the people is "crystal chamomile". The leaves and shoots of the flower are covered with small glandular hairs. Under the sun's rays, the scalp radiates a bright crystal light.
In the address of the dorotheanthus, one can also hear the "midday", which characterizes the ability of a perennial to open inflorescences only at noon, when the sun is at the top of the horizon. After dinner, the cups begin to roll up slowly. If the bushes lack light, such as in cloudy weather, the buds are likely to remain closed from the stems.
Description of dorotheanthus
The root system, immersed in the ground by 20-25 cm, is of a fibrous type. The bushes grow 5-30 cm long, depending on the variety. Stems of a fleshy structure spread along the ground and bear dark green foliage. Leaves often shimmer with an emerald hue. The shoots are located closely together, due to which a dense green carpet is formed. Sessile oval leaves stick out on woven stems. The thickness of the leaf blades varies between 20-30 mm. Foliage tends to heat up moisture, so after rain, the plates may become thicker than usual.
The inflorescences resemble daisies or chamomile. The color of the petals is varied. There are yellow, white and red flowers. When buying a bag of seeds, you cannot be sure that the bushes will only grow in one color. There are over 12 shades of culture. The bud holds its shape for two days, then it fades, giving way to the next. The widest buds have a diameter of about 5 cm. Depending on the climate and variety, the flowering time of the perennial is different. Most dorotheanthus species bloom in mid-summer. In October-November, the bushes lose their buds. Do not expect abundant flowering if rainy and cool summers are predicted.
Growing dorotheanthus from seeds
In place of wilted dorotheanthus buds, seed pods with translucent walls ripen. Small rounded achenes are stored inside. One gram of seed contains up to 3 thousand seeds, which are able to remain viable for several years. Sowing is carried out by the seedling method, or this stage is skipped, and the seeds are immediately sown in open ground. Consider the features of growing dorotheanthus through seedlings.
A favorable time for sowing dorotheanthus is March or early April. By the time the seedlings are planted on the site, the bushes will already bloom. Rectangular roomy containers are selected. Fill with a loose substrate, for example, a mixture of peat and sand. Light soil provides better air and water permeability.
The substrate is leveled and the seeds are spread on top. They do not need to be buried deeply. Crops are sprayed with water and covered with polyethylene or glass. The film is left until the seedlings appear above the surface. Under favorable conditions, plump bluish-green sprouts, as a rule, appear after 10 days. On the surface of the succulent leaves, tiny glands sparkling under the sun's rays appear.
For the first few weeks, the seed boxes are kept indoors. Then they gradually begin to quench and transfer the containers to a room where the air temperature is not higher than 18 degrees. Then it is lowered to 10 degrees. After 3 weeks, a picking of the seedlings is organized in separate pots, where the peat soil mixture is poured. Hardened dorotheanthus seedlings will survive the transplant less painfully and adapt more quickly to the new environment.
Grown plants are watered carefully. Even a small amount of water on the leaves can cause burns. At the end of May, the seedlings are transported to the site along with peat pots. The roots are not removed from the container. The distance between the bushes should be at least 20 cm.
DOROTEANTHUS or CRYSTAL CHAMOMILE !!! we sow on seedlings.
Sowing seeds in open ground
Often, gardeners, in order to save time, sow dorotheanthus seeds directly on the garden bed. Events are carried out only after the spring warmth warms up the soil, namely, in April or early May. In this case, flowering of bushes is observed much later than in specimens grown from seedlings.
For a flower, an illuminated area is chosen where a loose and light substrate lies. Sand is added to optimize the soil structure. Doroteanthus develops stably on light sandy or loamy soil. The level of fertility does not seriously affect the growth of perennials.
Since the succulent has very small seeds, they are mixed with sand before sowing. The resulting mixture is deepened by 10-20 mm. A distance of 15-20 cm is left between the rows so that the overgrown stems have enough free space.
When green shoots appear above the ground, the site is weeded, removing weeds. Even minor weeds will interfere with the development of the bushes. At the same time, they are thinning seedlings. It is important that the distance from one plant to another is at least 3 cm. After a while, the procedure is repeated, increasing the distance to 8 cm. When the bushes gain enough strength, the succulents are transplanted to a new place where they will live permanently. The final interval between adult and mature bushes is kept within 15-20 cm.
Growing dorotheanthus in the garden
The plant prefers warm, sunny weather. In the event of a cold snap, when the thermometer drops below zero, underground organs, like the stems, risk dying. It is more advisable to adhere to the optimum temperature when growing dorotheanthus - from 15 to 25 degrees.
Moisten the substrate as needed. It is advisable to water the plant in the morning, but bypassing the hours of the sun, so that the flower does not overheat. In the evening, when the soil absorbs moisture worse, watering is also not recommended. Otherwise, liquid may stagnate in the roots. If the stems are very drooping due to the heat, you should still wait until morning and only then water the bush. Seedlings that have recently been planted in the ground are systematically watered.
Dorotheanthus requires little attention. Top dressing is rarely arranged. This is due to the fact that the wild plant is native to Africa, and there, as many know, drought is considered common. Therefore, the root system is forced to independently provide itself with the necessary nutrients.
The full development of a plant can only be achieved if the following conditions are met:
- Doroteanthus is placed in a well-lit area, protected from drafts (in an area with a cold climate, it is better to plant a flower in an apartment).
- Watering is carried out in moderation, root decay primarily provokes a prolonged stagnation of liquid (it is important to remember that succulents are resistant to drought).
- The soil is collected from light and permeable components.
- In the event of an approaching frost, the bushes are wrapped in non-woven material.
Tips from gardeners:
- A flower bed with "crystal chamomile" is periodically weeded so that the root system has access to oxygen. Too knocked down the substrate causes rot on the roots.
- For a long and lush bouquet period, the stems need to be pruned in time.
- Dorotheanthus is suitable for home cultivation. Some growers dive seedlings into hanging pots, wicker baskets or flowerpots.
- Insects that live in middle regions do not pose a danger to the flower. The only thing that a perennial at risk of suffering from is to rot from waterlogging or, conversely, dry out on completely dry soil.
- In a new place, the plant is provided with full drainage.
Dorotheanthus care at home
Dorotheanthus is grown either outdoors or in pots at home. In the latter case, the seedlings that were planned to be transferred to the garden, after picking, you can try to grow at home. However, it is necessary to create certain conditions in the room, i.e. as close as possible to the microclimate on the site.
The considered succulent will perfectly fit on the balcony or loggia. The corner where the pot will stand should be well warmed up by the sun. Dorotheanthus grows more actively on balconies that face the south side of the building. In winter, indoor views of the "midday" need artificial lighting. The short daylight hours and the lack of lamps cause problems with home care. A weakened flower is unable to produce buds.
Types and varieties of dorotheanthus with a photo
Dorotheanthus daisy (Dorotheanthus bellidiformis)
Creeping shoots bear narrow, succulent leaves. Against the background of fleshy foliage, multi-colored buds stand out: red, orange, pink or yellow.
The following varieties have gained wide popularity:
- Gelato Dark Pink - has a two-tone color, inside the petals are painted in a white tone, and outside - in raspberry-purple.
- Magic Carpet Meekc - another succulent, which is decorated with multi-colored buds.
- Pastel blend - a well-known variety among gardeners. The shade of the petals is lilac or pale pink, white or yellowish. With proper care, the bushes will certainly thank you with abundant flowering. The lush and bright carpet will impress guests. The named perennial reaches a small height, so the interval between bushes can be reduced to 10 cm.
- Cheerful round dance - the height of adult succulents does not exceed 30 cm. The inflorescences are characterized by a non-standard color. A dark purple spot is clearly visible in the middle, and closer to the base, the shade of the petals becomes more and more saturated.
- Yellow - the owner of bright yellow buds with a red core.
Dorotheanthus oculatus (Dorotheanthus oculatus)
This species is only occasionally found in gardens of middle climatic latitudes. The shoots of the bushes are strongly branched. The length of the leaves is about 4 cm, the width is 1 cm. The central part of the bud is striking. A number of petals are colored in calm nude or red shades.
This type of "midday" consists of branched reddish stems. The plant is undersized. Length no more than 10 cm. Elongated foliage. Sessile leaf blades cover thin stems. The diameter of the opened cup does not exceed 30-35 mm. The lower region of the petals is bright red. The top of the bud looks a shade lighter in comparison with the core. There is a pink or salmon shade.
Breeders have developed such varieties of "crystal chamomile", which, even being in partial shade, do not hide their buds until late in the evening. These are the following cultural modifications:
- Lunette - Contains a reddish brown heart and eye-catching yellow petals.
- Lemonade - blooms in contrasting buds, there are orange and lemon bushes.
- Northern Lights - decorated with yellow petals with a greenish tint.
- Apricot pointe shoes - monophonic grade.
- Magic carpet - succulent with pink cups, in the center of which a white stripe is drawn.
Dorotheanthus apetalus (Dorotheanthus apetalus)
Belongs to the undersized representatives of the "midday". The bushes boast a rich deciduous layer. Used in horticulture on rare occasions.
Dorotheanthus in landscape design
Dorotheanthus bushes will perfectly outplay mounds that are unsuitable for other decorative pets. The flower is planted in rock gardens, rocky slides, hanging baskets, Japanese gardens, or sown with seeds on paths and terraces. A green carpet of creeping shoots of "crystal chamomile" will replace the traditional lawn.
The flower is suitable for garden cultivation and for cultivation in flowerpots. It is allowed to lower 3-4 bushes into one container. This perennial looks good not only as an additional element. With its help, it is easy to create an individual flower arrangement. Against the background of many garden plants that fade in July or early August, dorotheanthus has a significant advantage, namely, flowering lasts until the very cold.
Planting a mixture of succulents along curbs, including dorotheanthus, is a good idea. By combining various varieties in place of the dull gray zone, you get a living "garland" of flowers. At noon, the borders will shimmer like a rainbow.
Despite the demand for dorotheanthus, the seeds of "crystal chamomile" are quite difficult to find in ordinary flower shops.
What kind of plant is dorotheanthus, how to grow it?
Dorotheanthus (Dorotheanthus) - the name of the genus of plants, which in horticultural literature is sometimes identified with the name mesembriantemum (Mesembryanthemum). But these are the names of different genera of plants, each of which, in turn, includes a certain number of species. Both of these genera, originating from South Africa, are very similar in appearance, belong to the same Aiz family, have the same requirements for growing and care. The name "mesembriantemum" translated from Greek means "midday flower": the peculiarity of the dorotheanthus and mesembriantemum is that they open their flowers only under the rays of the sun, closing them at night and in cloudy weather.
Unfortunately, dorotheanthus and mesembriantemum are still little grown by Russian flower growers because of seeds that are rarely found on the market.
Dorotheanthus is an annual plant (about 10 cm high) with highly branching, creeping fleshy shoots, with thick ovoid leaves. Both its stems and leaves are covered with elegant and original shiny papillae, similar to dew drops, ice crystals or tiny fragments of frozen glass (which is why this plant is called "crystal grass").
Of the 15 species of dorotheanthus in culture, the most spectacular is most often grown dorotheanthus daisy (Dorotheanthus bellidiformis, its synonym Mesembryanthemum bellidiformis, and also another synonym Mesembryanthemum criniflorum). Its large (4-5 cm in diameter, reminiscent of a chamomile or daisy), numerous, variably colored flowers (white, pink, red, orange, yellow, purple, bicolor, with a light disc at the center) with a bunch of contrasting stamens in the center and extraordinary leaves - a wonderful decoration of the border, alpine slide and balcony. Several specimens are planted in a pot at once for splendor.
Dorotheanthus is propagated by seeds (they are very small), ripening in a polyspermous box, the germination of seeds lasts up to two years.
For seedlings, seeds of dorotheanthus are usually sown from mid-March to mid-April, using a light soil mixture with a predominance of sand for sowing. You should try to scatter seeds over the soil surface as rarely as possible, because, according to my observations, sprinkled seedlings develop much more slowly than plants that are not disturbed by a pick.Therefore, I sow dorotheanthus in several peat pots, then dive the "extra" plants (also in peat pots), and leave the rest of the seedlings to grow without diving.
The optimum temperature for germination of dorotheanthus seeds is 15 degrees, and after germination (after about 2 weeks) I put the pots with crops in a bright cool (10 degrees) place. Watering the seedlings of dorotheanthus must be very careful: fleshy shoots quickly rot from excess moisture in the soil.
Dorotheanthus seedlings should be planted in the garden after spring frosts, with the onset of stable heat. I bury peat pots with seedlings (at a distance of about 20 cm from each other) in the soil in a sunny place - next to the path and on an alpine slide. For successful growth and flowering of dorotheanthus, light, infertile, air and permeable (preferably sandy) soil, warm sunny weather with little rain is preferable.
Several nearby growing specimens intertwine their stems, forming a continuous carpet of shoots and leaves, which in summer is decorated with bright numerous flowers. In July, the abundant flowering of the dorotheanthus begins, which continues until the cold weather. With the threat of the first autumn frosts, covering material can be thrown over the curtains of the dorotheanthus - this will save heat-loving plants from the cold, and when warm days come, they will bloom further.
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Where to plant a delphinium
Delphinium is unpretentious, it can develop on all kinds of soils and winters without shelter, but beautiful multi-stem plants with luxurious inflorescences can be obtained only in sunny areas with light shading at midday, because the color of its flowers quickly fades and becomes faded. The site must be protected from strong winds.
The best soils for growing delphinium are light to medium, deeply cultivated and well-drained loams with a neutral reaction. Clay and sandy soils are completely unsuitable for it.
To improve its structure and fertility in clay soil, it is necessary to add peat crumb, rotted manure or compost, sand to sandy - rotted compost and dry clay ground into fine powder.
The introduction of clay into the sandy soil in large lumps in the coming years does not give any effect. In low-lying areas with stagnant melt or rainwater, the roots of plants quickly rot, and they die.
Reproduction of alissumAlyssum seeds are small, up to 3500 pieces per gram. Photo: American Meadows
Alyssum propagates by seed. The seeds are small - there are up to 3500 seeds in one gram of seeds. Seeds are sown in a greenhouse or in open ground, to a depth of 2 mm.
In open ground, Lobularia seeds are sown in late April - early May, with winter planting - in November. Alyssum seeds germinate quickly - 3-4 days.
After the end of seed germination, the seedlings are thinned out, leaving 10 cm between adjacent plants.Seedling, seedlings of lobularia (alissum). Photo: banggood.com
Alyssum seedlings begin to be prepared in February-March. Seeds sown in boxes sprout quickly. Seedlings of lobularia are ready for planting in open ground in mid-April. The distance when planting alissum seedlings in open ground is 15-20 cm.
Lobularia blooms one and a half to two months after sowing the seeds.
Reproduction of doronicumDoronicum is propagated by dividing the bush, or by segments of the rhizome
Doronicum is propagated by dividing the bush, segments of rhizomes with a bud of renewal, as well as seeds.
When multiplying by division, bushes and rhizomes are divided in mid-August - early September, doronicum divisions take root easily.
When propagated by seeds, seeds are sown in open ground before winter or in spring, embedded to a depth of 0.5 cm. Seedlings bloom in the second year. When growing seedlings, the optimum temperature for seedling germination is 16 ° C. Seedlings emerge through seedlings dive into boxes. They are planted in open ground in May-June at a distance from one another.
The soil for planting is dug to a depth by introducing rotted organic matter. Compost is applied under adult bushes in spring.
Plant care is simple. They respond well to feeding, which needs to be done once a month. In dry weather, watering is important for flowering plants, but without waterlogging.
To retain moisture, the ground around the plants is mulched with cut grass, shavings, chopped bark or wood chips. It is not recommended to loosen the soil so as not to damage the rhizomes located close to the surface.
During the dormant period (June-July), the plants easily tolerate drought. If the withering inflorescences are cut off in time, then with a favorable autumn, the doronicum gives a second wave of flowering.
In one place, doronicum is grown. True, in order to get large flowers, some growers divide the bushes every year or every other year.
Doronicum should be protected from slugs.