Choosing the right diet for chinchillas - a responsible task. The health of the animal, the shine of the fur and the life expectancy completely depend on the food.
There is a wide variety of food for a rodent, but there are characteristic features in how to feed a pet, especially at home.
What does a chinchilla like to eat?
Chinchilla is a herbivore. The diet of animals is considered to be of plant origin.
In the wild, the main food for them is cereals and legumes, cacti, shrubs, tree bark, small fruits, shoots, mosses and other vegetation.
In a home environment a person is responsible for the animal's diet. Food should be varied and balanced to provide all the body's needs with the necessary components, vitamins, and nutrients.
The quality of food is important for chinchillas. They eat in small quantities, so the owners of the animals should carefully consider the choice of food.
You may be interested in the following articles on the topic of chinchillas: How to keep a chinchilla at home?
Moreover, luxurious fur and irrepressible energy require a large expenditure of nutrients. Chinchillas are picky about food. They will choose the tidbits from the food offered.
But for full development the animal needs to receive various trace elements and vitamins, so you need to try to ensure that the animal fully consumes its portion.
In the event that the pet begins to scatter food from the trough, it is necessary to reduce the food dispensed. You can give your pet food in small portions, reduce treats in the diet.
When choosing food for a rodent, it should be borne in mind that they, like all herbivores, have sensitive digestion.
First, they have long intestines. Secondly, animal herbivores process hard-to-digest plant fiber. From it, they get the necessary nutrients.
Chinchilla is better not to feed a little than to overfeed goodies. The food offered must be:
- high quality;
- without traces and smell of rot, mold, mustiness.
Green fodder should be collected away from busy places, roadsides, factories. Greens, vegetables and fruits should be washed and dried well before feeding the rodent. The food offered must be absolutely dry.
Young animals and those individuals that did not receive green food in the winter season should gradually get used to them. Initially, you need to offer your pet such food in small portions, gradually increasing the dose.
In this case, it is necessary to carefully monitor the well-being of the chinchilla.
It is advisable to feed the animal once a day, and in the afternoon or late afternoon. This is due to the fact that the pet is awake in the evening and at night. Food should be given at the same time.
So the animals get used to the set feeding time, which has a positive effect on the digestibility of food. If all the food is eaten in the morning, then additional feeding is possible.
Before pouring a new portion of food into your pet, be sure to throw away uneaten leftovers and rinse the bowls with running water without adding any detergents or cleaning agents.
The daily portion of the pet's main food - 1 teaspoon, hay - 20-30 g, delicacy of your choice - 1 piece. There should always be boiled or filtered clean water in the animal's drinker.
What can you feed a rodent at home?
The animal living in your home eats coarse dry and succulent food, nutritious mixtures, needs vitamin supplements and delicacies.
Food is rough and juicy
Juicy feeds include fruits, vegetables, herbs and twigs of shrubs, trees. They are saturated with useful trace elements, vitamins, organic substances.
Branches, driftwood, twigs of various shrubs and tree species are available throughout the year. Eating hard pieces of wood, the animals will grind down the constantly growing incisors.
From vegetables, chinchillas can be offered tomatoes, celery, cucumbers, carrots, pumpkin, lettuce, zucchini.
From fruits they prefer pears, apples, melon, berries, bananas, grapes, from dried fruits - apples, plums, raisins, hawthorn, dried apricots, cherries, barberries and rose hips. It is advisable to cut large fruits into small pieces.
From the green it is worth giving clover, tops of carrots, peas, dandelions.
Treats should be offered systematically. For example, 1-2 times a week, one berry, 2-3 times a week, other snacks - fruits, dried fruits.
Vegetables should be fed in moderation - a small piece 1-2 times a week along with the main food. Due to sensitive digestion, chinchillas should not eat large quantities of vegetables and fruits.
After the introduction of a new type of food, you should carefully monitor the reaction of the animal's body. Digestive upset is possible, then the juicy feed should be discarded. If your pet is doing well, then the food is right for him.
Food is dry and rough
This food includes hay... It is the most important component of the animal's diet and saturates the body with the necessary fiber.
The dried grass helps to move food in the intestines, preventing it from stagnating, causing fermentation. Also, hay is a rich source of trace elements, vitamins, fiber, protein.
Chewing herbal food helps animals to grind their teeth in a timely and even manner, and this, in turn, prevents the development of dental hooks on the posterior incisors.
The hay should be of good quality, fresh, not wet or musty. Properly prepared food smells good, without foreign debris, sticks and other inclusions. You can purchase it at pet stores or assemble it yourself.
Better when the chinchilla is offered food hay from herbs - different types of herbs. Preparations from leguminous plants (alfalfa, clover) contain essential vitamins and minerals. They are mowed during the flowering period of legumes.
In terms of nutritional content, cereal fodder is slightly inferior to the first, because it contains less minerals and protein.
To cerealsthat love chinchillas include meadow fescue, Sudan, timothy, wheatgrass, meadow bluegrass, hedgehog national team. Grasses cut before the first flowering have a lot of nutritional value.
It is necessary to give the chinchilla from 20-30 to 70-80 g of fresh hay per day.
These herbs are poisonous and in no case should they get into herbal food for animals:
- black nightshade;
- hellebore white;
- raven eye.
Should you give nutritional formula?
For the proper development of a rodent, it needs the elements contained in nutrient mixtures. Chinchillas should be given various mixtures in order to saturate their body with as many vitamins, trace elements, proteins, fats, and amino acids as possible.
These types of food can be purchased at the pet store or made yourself. Most often they are sold in granular form. They contain all the beneficial ingredients you need in the right proportions.
Nutrient mixtures include grain feed, seeds, legumes, bread, bran, cereals.
Suitable for rodents from cereals:
- oats - contains a large amount of protein, fat, but does not cause obesity. Most often, it is oats that make up up to 75% of the mixture;
- corn - you need to give in small portions, as it can cause bloating;
- barley - it is worth offering it in ground form, it is better for adults. This grain product is very hard;
- wheat - it contains a lot of carbohydrates, proteins, little fat.
In feeding chinchillas it is worth giving up rye - it is difficult for animals to digest.
What kind of food shouldn't chinchillas eat?
Due to the sensitive digestion of chinchillas they shouldn't be given the following foods:
- food from the common table (salty, spicy, fatty, spicy, smoked);
- meat and meat products;
- bakery products and baked goods (bread, pastries);
- flour (pasta, noodles);
- potatoes, fresh white cabbage, lettuce;
- sweets (cookies, chocolate, sugar, candies, other confectionery products);
- fried nuts, seeds, grains;
- fermented milk products;
- fast food, chips, popcorn;
- stale and spoiled food.
The list does not contain absolutely any nutrients for the proper growth and development of the rodent. The listed foods are high-calorie and fatty, as a result of which the pet may develop obesity.
This will negatively affect the mobility of the animal., its ability to reproduce, life expectancy.
Even if the pet liked the junk food, this does not mean at all that it is worth offering it.
Perhaps the animal will not die from one eating, but the systematic consumption of such delicacies will lead to serious health problems for the chinchilla.
Vitamin supplements in addition to nutrition
With an unbalanced diet of chinchillas, young individuals, pregnant and lactating rodents, sick and weakened it is necessary to give vitamin complexes... They can be in liquid form, in the form of tablets and powders.
Liquid fortified food can be given along with water, so it will not be difficult to enrich the pet's diet. It is difficult to offer powders and tablets to pets.
In the animal's cage, it is desirable hang mineral and salt stone, which the animal will eat as needed.
You can buy immediately fortified feed. The composition most often includes carrots, pumpkin, nettle hay, mountain ash, rose hips. To replenish the reserves of protein and B vitamins, add some dry yeast (2–5 g) to the feed.
It is not difficult to accustom a chinchilla to proper nutrition., but absolutely necessary. Only by receiving all the useful microelements, vitamins and other useful compounds will the animal be healthy, full of energy and live a long life.
Cheap and tasty
If fate gives you a lemon, make lemonade out of it. This phrase can become the motto of the modern housewife, who every day has to make a lot of efforts to feed her family in the conditions of the economic crisis, although saving and effectively using what we have should be at any time, regardless of income, in order to be able to afford something more than burning a life.
In this article, we'll talk about how to cook cheap and tasty. How to optimize costs and spend less on food without compromising the health and mood of family members.
First, plan your purchases carefully for the entire week. Make a list of the necessary products (especially when you are not going to buy groceries yourself, but are sending your husband or children). Don't go to the grocery store on an empty stomach. It is more profitable to buy some products for future use in large packages (cereals, pasta, sugar, salt, flour, coffee beans), however, you should not buy frozen vegetables, spices and tea for future use.
Set priorities correctly and do not rush to save a lot on food. Perhaps there are other items of expenditure that could be reduced. Keep in mind that your health and mood is highly dependent on nutrition. This means, do not seek to buy the cheapest products instead of the usual ones that cost a little more. (However, this does not apply to products with a branded mark-up. Buying products that you will not see in advertising, it is quite possible to seriously save money without sacrificing taste.) It would be much more efficient to buy smaller quantities of your favorite products and vary the family menu more often, because, as you know , after a break, a well-known dish tastes better and satiates faster. Instead of preparing a separate meat dish, add some meat to other dishes: rice, pasta. By the way, reducing portions can benefit not only those who have tried unsuccessfully to lose weight, but also capricious children who will learn to appreciate food. Keep in mind that a complete rejection of meat does not always mean savings, because many will have to increase the portions of vegetables and side dishes and still not feel the usual satiety.
Avoid ready-made breakfast for children and muesli. There is nothing simpler than homemade muesli made from oatmeal (Hercules) and dried fruits (raisins, dried apricots, all kinds of candied fruits) with the addition of cocoa powder and sugar. It is high time to replace instant porridge with natural inexpensive cereals. Spoil the family with a variety of side dishes: rice, buckwheat, millet, lentils, peas, bulgur. Porridge can be made with milk or water, liquid or viscous, sweet or salty. You can make pies with rice, onions and peas. For the dough, you only need flour, soda and whey. Expensive lunches in the office can be replaced with homemade food, based on Japanese bento (lunch boxes). If this is not the case in your office, do not be afraid to become the founder of the tradition!
Learn to listen to your body and distinguish its whims (I want sweets!) From real needs (I want nuts and cheese!). Do not deny yourself vitamins, proteins and carbohydrates. In winter and spring, we especially need vitamins. Instead of buying leafy greens from the store, consider growing them at home. Dill, parsley, rosemary, basil, mint, green onions may well grow on a windowsill if the window faces south.
Psychologists say that women tend to buy unnecessary things if they are very cheap, and men are willing to pay much more than usual if the product is very much needed. Savings start when these two shopping approaches are combined and we learn to find the cheap products we need and pass by everyone else. While in economy mode, do not experiment with unfamiliar products and recipes, even if it seems cheap to prepare a new dish. If you fail, you will regret the time and money spent. If what you need for a recipe is quite expensive, try to find a replacement or modify the recipe.
When buying groceries, think not about the price per kilogram, but about the final cost of a dish made from these products. For example, a pack of dumplings costs less than meat, but meat can be used to make a hearty and healthy meal for the whole family or a soup for several days. And if you mix minced meat with onions, boiled beans or rice, you can make a lot more delicious homemade dumplings for the same money. Chicken is the cheapest. They can replace expensive beef and pork in almost all dishes, and the bones can be used for making broth. It is also beneficial to cook the liver as a main course. Fish fillets are almost twice as expensive as whole frozen fish. With skillful preparation, fresh pollock cannot be distinguished from fish of more valuable species, and the cheapest fish dish is fried capelin. Ready-made meat and fish products (boiled pork, balyk, sausage, smoked fish) are much more expensive than fresh meat and fish and are far from them in nutritional value, so refuse such delicacies without regret. Although canned fish are cheaper than fresh fish, use them only occasionally as a backup. Soy meat can sometimes be used as an inexpensive alternative to meat.
Expensive yoghurts can be replaced with local dairy products: fermented baked milk, kefir, ayran. Fresh fruits are much healthier than fruit juices. Moreover, almost all juices contain a lot of sugar and cannot be considered a useful product. Overseas fruits, of course, are delicious, but do not be fooled about their usefulness, because many of them are harvested unripe. A ripe apple or pear is probably richer in vitamins than mango, lychee or passion fruit. The prices for bananas and oranges fluctuate greatly depending on the season and decrease during the winter. It is not always possible to make salads from summer greens, but this is not necessary if you use fresh cabbage instead of greens.Peeled nuts are more expensive than unpeeled ones, but it is more profitable to buy them, since among the nuts in the shell you often come across spoiled and empty ones.
Of course, many modern townspeople do not have their own vegetable gardens, which previously provided entire families with almost free food, but even in a big city you can find the opportunity to buy potatoes, herbs, milk, eggs and many other natural products not in the store, but directly from those who is doing this. Of course, homemade dairy products can be more expensive than in the store, but potatoes, beets, apples, currants, and other local products are much cheaper than their counterparts from the store, which, moreover, may be of unknown origin and have a watery taste. By purchasing cheap local produce in season, you have the opportunity to stock up in the freezer for several months. Beets, onions, garlic, celery, radish, carrots, pumpkin are available all year round and are not expensive at all.
The need to eat economically is a great incentive to learn how to cook and make preparations (preferably for all family members). Think about what your grandmother and mom used to treat you as a child, and ask them to share the recipes if they have not already done so. It's time to recall the old culinary books and headings in the magazines "Rabotnitsa" and "Krestyanka". To cook tasty and varied, it is not at all necessary to buy a variety of expensive products. Potatoes, which are very cheap (especially in autumn) and have a long shelf life, can be used to prepare a huge number of tasty and healthy dishes. And if you add cabbage, beets and other root vegetables, you can cook a huge variety of borscht, hodgepodge, okroshka and stews. By the way, empty (lean) borsch with beans saturates in the same way as meat. By the way, soup is the most profitable dish when measured in terms of cost / saturation / nutritional value. Vegetarian Potato Soup with Onion and Dill is a winter alternative to vitamin vegetable salads.
The simplest potato dish is baked potatoes. On unpeeled tubers, make several punctures with a fork or knife and place on a wire rack in the oven for 50-60 minutes. During this time, another dish may be cooking in the oven. You can also bake potatoes in the microwave. If you bake or boil a lot of potatoes at once, you can make mashed potatoes. To do this, peel the still warm potatoes, chop or crush finely, add butter, sour cream or milk and store in the freezer. If you add cheese or ham to this puree and bake for 20-30 minutes, you get a fragrant, hearty dish. If you are mashing boiled potatoes, use some of the boiled water instead of milk. Fried and boiled potatoes combined with various spices are an excellent side dish for vegetable dishes. The water in which the potatoes were boiled can be used for vegetable soup. Leftover potato dishes can be added to pizza, scrambled eggs and scrambled eggs, or you can make JK Jerome's Irish Stew: mix whatever you find at home and stew.
1 tbsp honey,
1 tbsp lemon juice
vegetable oil, salt, spices to taste.
Cut off the skin and excess fat from the legs, make several cuts and fry until half cooked. Dissolve the honey in warm water, add lemon juice and pour the legs on both sides. Season with salt, add your favorite spices and simmer for 10-15 minutes.
Arbitrary amounts of cabbage, carrots, onions, tomatoes, beets, potatoes.
olive (can be butter) oil,
salt, spices to taste.
Boil water in a large saucepan while chopping all ingredients. Put cabbage and spices in boiling water. Spare separately, adding oils, and add the ingredients in the order shown to the pan: onions, carrots, tomatoes, beets. Add potatoes last and cook for 15-20 minutes.
Equal parts of potatoes and cabbage,
butter, salt, spices to taste.
Chop the cabbage leaves finely and cook for 5-10 minutes, until they are tender. Strain and leave to dry. Boil potatoes in the same water and mashed potatoes with butter. Combine the mashed potatoes with the cabbage, form into balls and sauté or bake in the oven. Use the broth to make vegetable soup.
1 cup oatmeal
1 bouillon cube
salt, herbs to taste.
Dissolve the bouillon cube in a glass of boiling water, add oatmeal and cook for 2-3 minutes. Spread finely grated carrots and onions in a skillet, place in a saucepan, add egg, salt, spices and herbs, stir and form cutlets. Dip the patties in breadcrumbs and simmer for 7-8 minutes on each side.
1 cup flour
50 g butter
50 g of hard cheese
50 ml of milk.
Mash the butter and flour, add milk and half of the grated cheese, mix until smooth. Form a tortilla, sprinkle with the remaining cheese and bake for about 30 minutes at 180C.
By the volume of pots, chicken fillet, potatoes, carrots, celery, onions,
salt, spices to taste.
Put coarsely chopped fillets, potatoes and other root vegetables in pots, add oil, salt, spices and cover with water. Place the covered pots in a preheated oven for 15-20 minutes. After that, take out the pots, remove the lids and carefully seal with dough. Brush with an egg on top and place in the oven again for 10-15 minutes.
How to feed a chinchilla?
In order for your chinchilla to grow healthy, and its fur is fluffy and beautiful, you need to provide your pet with the right diet. Chinchilla menu should consist of special pelleted feed, hay, vegetables.
Chinchillas are smart enough animals, they have their own eating habits. Of course, there are general recommendations for feeding chinchillas, but consultation with the breeder or the former owner of the animal will not be superfluous. When buying a chinchilla, take some of the food that was fed to the animal so that the animal can gradually adapt to new living conditions and, possibly, new food.
There are three types of feeding: dry, wet and combination. Veterinarians recommend choosing dry food. This is the most balanced nutrition option, which is also convenient for the owner.
Dry food is a granulate specially made for chinchillas. Food for guinea pigs and other rodents will not work for chinchillas. Purchase pellets from farms or breeders whenever possible. But pelleted food from a pet store is also fine.
The chinchilla's menu must include hay: meadow, with clover, dandelions, alfalfa. Pay attention to the quality of the hay. It should be clean, dark green in color, with a minimum amount of straw, and a pleasant smell. It's good if you have the opportunity to harvest the grass for your pet yourself. Freshly cut grass must be well dried and must never smell like mold.
As complementary foods, chinchillas are given twigs of birch, willow, linden, raspberries, currants or apple trees. Chinchillas are contraindicated for oak, cherry, plum and any trees that emit resin. It is useful to treat the animal with corn and flax seeds. In summer, you can pamper your chinchilla with such delicacies as nettles, dry dandelion leaves, plantains, and strawberries.
For dessert, treat your chinchilla with a dried apple, carrot or pear. Occasionally, no more than 1-2 times a week, you can give raisins (1 piece).
It is advisable to exclude fresh apples, cabbage, nuts from the chinchilla's diet. Also note that chinchillas are vegetarians.
In nature, chinchillas do not drink water, but at home water is necessary. The drinker should always have fresh drinking water - filtered or bottled.
As you can see, the chinchilla is a rather demanding animal. Think again if you are ready to fulfill all these requirements before you start this wonderful fluffy animal.
Food for chinchillas. Theory and practice .
It's time to talk about the food sold for chinchillas.
To begin with, I would like to pick up adjectives that can be used in combination with the word feed, because in their use there is a misunderstanding of words and definitions.
Good bad : - this is a subjective concept and it is not clear which of the criteria is important to everyone.
Recommended or not recommended : Understanding people is more difficult than the needs of a chinchilla. For someone the best thing is that he can sell at a premium, or take sponsorship for the maintenance of a resource from a certain manufacturer, or personal relationships, etc. In fact, real reviews make up a small part of the total. There are people who take money for reviews. Beginners begin to repeat without understanding what they are talking about and who is the carrier of the information. It happens that there are a lot of feeds and those who are actively talking about chinchillas and have not really seen and have no noticeable achievements. In general, those who are trying for some kind of bonus, score those who write their opinion. Yes, and God forbid, one of a hundred will write his opinion, and then once (well, he will not write the same thing every week) and not the fact that he will have a literary talent.
Cheap - expensive : And what kind of feed is it that costs 20 rubles and is sold for 100 rubles?
Factory : all feed is made in factories. We can say that there are different production technologies. But most feed is made using the standard method, whatever it is. Exceptions are food from MSh, but more on that later.
Farmer : Well, this is the feed that the farmers (or imported farmers) feed. In fact, it must be cheap feed, otherwise the farmer will not feed. Therefore, it is often replaced by the following term
Professional : Professionals use it along the way. Who are the professionals? Those who should profit from the breeding of chinchillas? It will turn out to be farmers too, but it sounds prettier. It can give the impression that the professionals are doing everything right. And amateurs are beginners who do not understand anything. But this is absolutely not the case. Professionals can teach you how to minimize the cost of keeping a chinchilla, how to feed it with cheap food, how to keep it in a polygamous fashion. For example, let's take some kind of feed that a "professional" feeds and buys at the nearest plant for 20 rubles and offer it for 40 rubles. (well, there is virtually no type at the factory, but you have). A professional will refuse and buy at another plant that is cheaper than 40 rubles. Or offer him food
much better than the first but more expensive than 20 rubles. And he will refuse it. It turns out that the feed has stopped or is not professional.
Imported - Russian: Everything that is done abroad is ideal - tasty, healthy - taking care of the chinchilla, and what is definitely bad in Russia, etc. Yes, in Russia in different ways, and abroad it is far from being cloudy and sometimes there are more problems than here, and even here a lot of things happen from imported feed.
Zoo shop - farmer - factory : Beautiful packaging, long shelf life, beautiful descriptions and insane price are not a guarantee of usefulness. In addition, there are fakes and re-glued expiration dates, etc.
Rabbit food - chinchilla food : often comparing recipes, you can find that in practice, many have the same 90-95%. I asked you to compare, but no one wanted to.
Production of feed here according to imported recipes : How can you fake something that costs 20 rubles and sell at times more expensive than the original? Yes, and that from the initial recipe it remains unchecked for any other feed, because apart from the paper recipe, the equipment and ingredients are not the same.
Determine by% protein, fiber, fat : It can be useful only if you know exactly up to% of the entire composition. Well, let's say fat up to 4%. But protein (protein) and fiber rise in the feed of any composition and of any quality with soy and sawdust to the required%. In fact, you won't get more than 15% of fiber without sawdust, and then you need to try. Chinchillas do not need this woodworking waste in their diet, but those who ordered the feed asked for more fiber and the technologists did it as best they could.
Let's take a look at the technology for the production of conventional feed, not from the outside, but from the inside.
The feed is made in professional factories. It is a mistake to assume that all firms have their own plant, in most cases, feed is ordered by a firm at some factory. A professional plant must make dozens, if not hundreds, of tons of feed per day. There are micro factories, but they have their drawbacks.
Factories make feed for farm animals (any). cows, pigs, chickens, carps, rabbits, chinchillas, horses and even giraffes in the zoo, etc. There are hundreds of recipes. But there is something that is common to all.
It's common - ingredients. The assortment of these ingredients is not numerous and is practically the same at all factories in different countries, and in the recipes for different animals there is a difference in the% of the ingredients included, and the ingredients themselves are often the same, well, we add the features through microdosing.
Let's take a look at the main ingredients. These are those that are included in the composition of feed in significant quantities. (not to be confused with additives)
These ingredients arrive in wagons and trucks and are pumped into special high-volume storage facilities.
Wheat, barley, oats, corn, bran, sunflower meal, soybeans (various modifications),
May be present:
beet pulp, malt sprouts, alfalfa, etc.
Next, a specific recipe is taken. It is considered how much and what is needed for this recipe, and this raw material is pumped from large storage facilities along conveyors into containers of smaller volume
(THE NUMBER OF THESE CONTAINERS IS LIMITED. Let's say the number 7.)
From these containers through the scales, the amount required for one batch is taken (depending on the volume of the mixer) and passing through the crusher enters the mixer.
While the crushed raw material is being mixed, ingredients that are needed in small quantities and that do not need to be crushed are added to it through the microdosing line.
Premix, chalk, salt, chemicals, etc.
Then the mixture is processed with steam under pressure and enters a matrix with holes of such a diameter, which we want to obtain the thickness of the feed pellets.
The feed comes out hot and goes into a special cooler. After the cooler, the granules are transported along conveyors for sewing in bags or barrels (if shipped by feed trucks).
Due to the fact that it is possible to understand what chinchillas need, but what some of their owners need is much more difficult, let's do some exercise!
Clear your mind of what you've heard from other people about food. Use only your personal experience in keeping chinchillas.
Imagine that you are on a desert island with your chinchillas and you need to make food for them.
Imagine that you have 7 magic glasses.
You need to decide which of the main ingredients to put and in what proportion. For simplicity, let's take the total volume obtained as 100% or 100 kg.
Write what you would like to fill these glasses with and the food will magically appear as you would like.
Wheat, barley, oats, corn, bran, sunflower meal, soybeans (various modifications),
May be present:
beet pulp, malt sprouts, alfalfa, etc.
+ You can use any ingredients you see in recipes and descriptions in any feed from any manufacturer. (You cannot indicate the manufacturer itself, so as not to evoke emotions, you can write the Country of origin of the feed) (Germany, Denmark, Russia, USA, Ukraine, etc.)
The main rule is only 7. (if in some feed of any manufacturer it seems to you that there are more than 7 main ingredients, then indicate the complete composition, most likely I will disappoint, we do not take feed more than 300 rubles per kg)
For those who find it difficult to identify and distinguish between the main ingredient or the additional one, we will help.
After you complete the first task, make a space under the list of main ingredients and you can write what you would add to the feed through microdosing. It is possible without%, only names
Then there is a space and what else would you like to see in the composition of the feed.
You cannot discuss other recipes! Write your own as you see fit. For one thing, and let's see who is important to deal with the feed, and who is making trouble for reasons not related to chinchillas.
For example, let's take one of the feeds produced in Russia. One newbie wrote to me that he was honestly told the composition and he liked it. Feeling as if you are communicating with the victims of Vicki and Sergei.
Alfalfa 24% - only alfalfa, but green
Barley 26% - less everywhere
Sunflower meal 12% - meal, this is a seed after oil extraction
Wheat 10% - yes, okay
Oats 9% - it's okay
Corn 8% - usually less
sugar (glucose) 2% - increased palatability. Similar to donut powder, tastes like fruit sugar. For chinchillas no comments
glue for granules 1.5% (the granule turns out to be stronger)
Milk 1% ***
Premix 1% (vitamin complex)
sunflower oil 0.8% (the food is more beautiful, but for chinchillas without comments)
lysine 0.2% (essential amino acid, if the composition is poor, additionally added)
salt 0.3% - everything is applied like this
monocalcium phosphate 0.6
mycotoxin neutralizer 0.1%
*** an expensive ingredient, they spied on my decision to replace soybeans, but there is nothing about 1%, just write about an expensive ingredient in the description, and the solution includes several ingredients, not just milk.
Only a certain type of milk powder is suitable.
By the way, remember Bowes' seminar in Moscow. He said that milk powder was used in Europe earlier. Then the type was banned because there is no need to put what for people can be used in animal feed, or it has become much more expensive and out of the budget. Then he immediately began to talk about milk granules. I asked from the end of the hall, and he was sure that they were not from milk replacer (substitute for whole milk powder, but without milk, soy + chemistry).
He replied that he liked it.
Take any recipes that are available to you (Danish, German, Dutch, Polish, etc.) and put them into basic and microdosing. I've reviewed over 30 recipes and studied what and why. I want you to do something too.
Do not be surprised that the recipes you have written will be better, because you just want to feed your chinchillas and are not burdened with technical nuances and the need to earn money (making the recipe cheaper). For example, replacing grain with waste from grain processing, etc.
For example, in German you find molasses (molasses from the production of sugar, as in our feed for rabbits 122), genetically modified soybeans, and generally a primitive composition, etc. - Independently.
In fact, we have analyzed how standard factory feed is made. The prime cost of such feed is about RUB 20 kg + sales costs.
In order not to stay away from the creative process. And go from theory to practice, I did for those who feed with conventional feed - food Standard from the World of Chinchillas and prices.
beet pulp (Danish feed)
containing calcium (2 types)
glucose 0.5% ***** (as in Danish) made in France.
milk 1% - let it be, otherwise you will think that you have saved on an expensive ingredient
lignogran (granule adhesion) 1%
---- With addition
malt sprout (for those who feed with German food)
cut calendula flowers
I will not indicate the percentage of content yet, so as not to interfere with your creativity. Because they put something sweet in ordinary feed to increase the palatability. And buy those who think - eat and okay. Still put in 0.5% glucose. I thought to put 1% so that I would slowly wean myself from sweets, but I could not bring myself to do it. Therefore, I reported from myself something tasty, but not sugar. (Jerusalem artichoke, licorice root, cut calendula flowers)
In fact, grape sugar can be found in Danish food - this is the same glucose. So nothing new. Prior to that, I basically did not use sugar.
In general, I advise you not to pay attention to all sorts of additives without specifying%, mostly this is done to mislead. In this case, I did it because it turned out psychologically difficult for me after many years of producing elite author's feed to make a regular one and I constantly had a desire to put something else.
I showed a bit of a master class using not 7, but 8 main ingredients in the Standard feed. Still, let's stop at 7 in the future, choose what you want.
It's all about the cost of producing feed. Standard feed is several times cheaper to make, and in the preparation phase and at the plant, it is several times less to pay for the work and use of the plant. And you can make any number.
But if necessary, I know how to improve any standard feed composition, what and how to add.
Well, what is standard feed was quickly sorted out.
What is food from the World of Chinchillas.
07/26/2008 The first batch of elite food from the World of Chinchillas has appeared.
Before this event, food was brought from Ukraine for 2-3 years. In Ukraine, chinchillas began to be dealt with earlier than in Russia. There were farmers who made feed. One of these feeds was chosen as a basis. At the same time, we agreed with the manufacturer to make some changes to the composition. (minor, but at least something) This food turned out to be better and cheaper than what was offered by intermediaries from Europe, food in pet stores, and 122 rabbit food was quickly rejected, although it is sold 10 minutes walk from my house.
Over time, delivery from Ukraine became more and more expensive and unstable, and I had to start thinking. First of all, I turned to European firms in the hope of ordering there the feed of the desired composition and quality. It was about multicomponent feed.
We have reviewed the usual 7-component feed. The world is much richer and there are many beneficial ingredients not found in standard feed. Therefore, the task of making or forging some kind of standard feed was not set. It is difficult and expensive to buy something separately and it is not always convenient to mix, and sometimes it is not possible.
I have met a similar approach with some manufacturers, which are often not represented here. In fact, the production of multicomponent feed was developed earlier, when chinchillas cost more than $ 1000, many years ago. And many years of experience in practice
showed that adding variety to the diet is beneficial. In general, the task was to make the best possible food for chinchillas. It was not possible to agree with Europe, because taking feed for 50 rubles as a basis, and considering what they have the desired changes
it turned out for 300 rubles. (at this price, let them eat themselves). The point is that the collection of quality ingredients and non-automated labor costs them completely different money than standard production. I had to think about what to do. I managed to find companies in Russia
who made multicomponent and medicinal feeds for other animals and negotiate cooperation with them. It is not realistic to negotiate directly with the plant on the production of complex feed, they will not do this, it is not possible and not profitable for them.
(it is easier and more profitable for them to make a hundred tons of conventional feed in the same time). Some of the ingredients were found at the company, some were purchased additionally. Elite food for chinchillas does not consist of 7 main ingredients. And about 30. (some of them can be found in the Happy afternoon snack, but not all)
We selected and balanced ingredients suitable for the regular nutrition of chinchillas and containing many beneficial natural ingredients. There was a moment when I wanted to write in detail about the ingredients, but the company said that there was no need to write something, this would disrupt their business, because it would reveal some of their similar developments that they cannot light up, and which they spent years balancing. And in the future, the task was to cope with orders, and was afraid of a sharp increase from beautiful descriptions, because it is difficult to do and it is necessary to plan the volume in advance without jerks.
After collecting and preparing the ingredients, the feed was made using a special technology developed by the company for the production of multi-component feed. My recipe was taken as a basis, which was discussed from all sides and in which adjustments were made (including the technological order, because it is not enough to want, you also have to do it).
In the management of the company there were people with scientific degrees, and by the start of production, many scientific
disputes and calculations, analyzes, study of all possible sources of information, etc. And not only with them. It turned out that the ingredients cost under 50 rubles, the company was given 20+ rubles per kg for the work (including settlements with the plant).
This is how the Elite food came out. The problem was solved. Unlike standard feeds sold for the same price, the feed had a cost of the input ingredients 2-3 times higher. The only drawback was that I had to deal with dispensing the feed myself for several years. I could do this 2 times a week, and sometimes there were lines of 10 people who arrived at the same time. I was present during the production of feed, and at the stages of preparing the ingredients, and sometimes I myself also went to pick them up.
Working with the company had its own inconveniences, and over time they grew. They could make me food when they made their own food for themselves. There were cases when my food ran out and I had to wait almost a month. The further, the more they wanted money, profit, and more and more often I myself went to get the ingredients myself. The amount of food needed grew rapidly. Several times I was able to explain that cooperation is beneficial to them, and that they would drive in this way, otherwise they travel in half and the cost of their feed is reduced. In general, they knew what food for chinchillas was in pet stores, what they were made of, and they believed that I should sell food more expensively and they should get more (and not just costs + savings in their costs).
Since I made food for myself and my friends, I basically did not want to have in the production chain not an employee, but an intermediary who makes a profit on us.
In addition, in addition to elite food, there was a need to make a more budgetary food for those who cost 70 rubles, and despite the fact that the farm food was planned from 15 main ingredients, they did not want to help make it for less than 20+ rubles.
The first batch of Chinchilla World Farm Feed was made. By this time, negotiations were held with the plant that I would independently make multicomponent feeds from them. Work was carried out on full supply of raw materials directly from suppliers, etc. The technology for the production of multicomponent feed was worked out, it turned out even better, but even more complicated.
I even discussed with Bowens a number of ingredients that can be left and those that can be dispensed with. Although Bert and Kobe secretly said that chinchillas love something sweet in their feed, they did not go down to adding molasses or sugar.
In almost 7 years of feed production, I have received over 20,000 positive reviews and thanks, but every batch needs to be done anew.
Unfortunately, I can't write everything I know completely, and so much has happened. There is a phenomenon when sellers of other feeds borrow descriptions and begin to write what exactly they do, and what they write about me, etc.
There are many of them and they are very active. Therefore, I do not write part of the knowledge and best practices on the Internet.
Key recommendation: Try, compare and feed what you like.
What they like to eat: Treats
Like a person, a chinchilla will be delighted with a treat. Do not think that goodies are harmful, because they can also be useful. It is easy to prepare a supplement favorable for the pet's body on your own.... Benefit will bring:
- corn. It is rich in magnesium, calcium and potassium. Several grains a day will have a positive effect on the well-being of the animal.
- viburnum. Two berries a week and the chinchilla's digestion will improve
- calamus root. Helps prevent cramping. One centimeter of root per week will have a beneficial effect.
- carrot. The condition of the fur and heart will improve one circle of the fetus. The treat should be given no more than three times a week.
- rosehip. It will contribute to the overall strengthening of the pet's body. Dosage - 4 pieces per month
- plantain. The work of the digestive tract will be regulated, but it is only necessary to feed the chinchilla two leaves per decade.
The pet will also like lingonberry and cranberry, hawthorn and currant, apple, blueberry and chokeberry... It is worth feeding the rodent with herbal delicacies: alfalfa and parsley, sour and mint, chamomile and nettle, calendula and oregano. As for trees, it is better to use willow and apple, ash, mulberry and birch, aspen and elm for treats. Oak and pear are contraindicated. These plants have a strengthening property, and the animal does not go to the toilet quickly.
Feeding degus: how to feed your Chilean protein at home
The Chilean degu squirrel belongs to the rodent group. They are completely herbivores. In the wild, they eat the roots of plants that come across at the time of the construction of underground burrows, dry and fresh grass, seeds of cereals.
They make up their own feed dosage and regulate its quality. Household proteins require a specific diet and care. They need a balanced diet. The degu's diet includes: hay, fresh grass, vegetables, sour berries and fruits.
It is necessary to give rodents granules that are created for other individuals: chinchillas, guinea pigs, hamsters. there are also special foods for Chilean squirrels, but they are rarely sold in the pet store.
What is degu food made of? How to make the right diet? What can you feed your squirrel with at home?
- Degu granulates
- Natural foods for Chilean protein
Dry food for Chilean protein is selected according to its composition. In the summer, you need to buy simple granules with 5 ingredients. Additional protein is provided by vegetables and fresh vegetation. In winter, degu food should be composed of a large number of ingredients.
In addition to the standard composition, they include vitamins and mineral salts. Otherwise, the protein may develop vitamin deficiency. They need to be provided with adequate nutrition and good care:
- mash and granules consist of cereal grains: wheat, buckwheat, oats, corn, millet. The number of the total amount of the mixture should be 47%. Cereals contain a lot of starch and sugar, but they are digested for a long time. They do not raise blood glucose levels
- calcium and phosphorus in the feed content is normal 0.9%. Moreover, the ratio of calcium to phosphorus is 2 to 1. Calcium deficiency and a large amount of phosphorus leads to an irregular bone structure and fragility of bone tissue. The same abnormalities occur with an increase in the number of calcium.
- the granulate or dry feed must contain vitamin D3. It helps to better absorb minerals. Proteins require 25 IU of vitamin per day. It dissolves with fats, so vegetable oils are often added to degu meals. An excess of vitamin can provoke intoxication of the body. If there is no D3 in the granulate, then the proteins should be given fresh grass, taken for a walk in warm weather and the rodents should be irradiated with an ultraviolet lamp, no more than 3 minutes a day.
Can degus drink watermelon seeds?
Zoologists recommend buying several types of feed with different composition in Moscow when feeding pets at home. They are mixed to create a balance of nutrients. We offer you to get acquainted with the following mixtures:
- Essentials chinchilla food - contains alfalfa, husks, flour and soybean oil, edible salt, cane sugar, calcium carbonate, vitamins B, E and D3, ascorbic acid, carotene
- Science Selective Degu - the composition contains wheat and oat grains, wheat and soy flour, soybean oil, herbs from the garden, salt, the protein mixture is supplemented with vitamins A, D3, C, it is advised to add shell rock
- feed food for chinchillas produced by the Bin - it contains: clover, alfalfa, dry herbs, grains. It is necessary to mix the granulate with a mixture containing vitamins and mineral supplements.
Degus are prone to diabetes and require special care. Normally, proteins have a sugar level of 6.7 mmol / l. Cereals, vegetables, a little rose hips, sour apples and berries do not increase this indicator. Sweet vegetables and fruits are not included on the degu menu.
Raisins must be removed from dry food. The amount of protein feed should not exceed 20 grams per day. How many times a day to feed? The portion is divided by 2 times. Feeding is carried out at the same time so as not to cause gastrointestinal diseases.
An excess amount of feed leads to the formation of subcutaneous fat. Sugary supplements can cause blood sugar to rise. Do not catch insects for the degus, even give them specially created ones, such as the Madagascar cockroach.
For rodents, this is not a standard food. They will probably just get scared by a cockroach or a grasshopper and hide in a corner. How to feed Chilean protein when using fresh food?
Can degus be washed in water?
Natural foods for Chilean protein
Farmers choose a mixture for their rodents empirically. How do they feed their pets? The squirrel will not eat anything. When using some granulates, a foreign smell may appear from the protein. If she eats natural food, then there will be no pungent smell. What should be on the menu?
The diet is based on the seeds of cereal plants: wheat, barley, oats, corn. In the diet, they should not be more than 50%. A separate feeder is filled with grains. Squirrels take them with their paws and begin to eat. You can buy hay at the pet store.
For protein, Prestige Hay and Flori Fiono Alpilinada Whelow, which contain dandelions, are ideal. You can cook dried vegetation yourself. For this, the plants are collected before the flowering period. They have more protein.
At the time of flowering, there is a lot of fiber in the grass, the hay is rough, but the Chilean protein needs it to grind off its teeth. In addition to herbs, proteins are given dried leaves of fruit and berry fruits.
List of natural foods:
- cereals, dandelions, nettles, clover, alfalfa
- spinach, parsley, rucola, dill
- marigolds, hibiscus, calendula
- leaves and bark of cherry plum, pear, sweet cherry, raspberry, currant
- leaves and bark of rowan, aspen, birch, sea buckthorn
- in a limited amount give oak leaves, jasmine.
Plants can be fed both fresh and dried. Juicy nettles are not allowed. It needs to be dried. When harvesting, you need to be careful, since some types of herbs are prohibited from giving to protein.
- any flower plants: daffodil, roses, tulips
- herbs: small tea, poppy, henbane, dope
- leaves and bark of coniferous and citrus trees, maple
- cherry pits, beans, chestnuts, acorns, coffee beans.
Taking care of your degus requires a balanced diet. There must be vegetables on the menu. It is the main source of mineral complexes and fiber. Squirrels will happily eat the following foods:
- garden greens
- sweet pepper.
How to wean a degus from gnawing a cage?
Many degus owners ask themselves the question: can proteins be root vegetables? They benefit from: carrots, sugar beets, but these products should be given in limited quantities - about 1-2 times a week. There is a lot of sugar in it. Potatoes are not included in the degu's feeding menu.
White cabbage can cause flatulence in degus. Give broccoli or cauliflower instead. Among the fruits, it is necessary to give Antonovka apples, since they contain little sugar. It is useful to give a Degu viburnum, mountain ash, sea buckthorn, but it is permissible only once a week.
As snacks, you can give degus peanuts, hazelnuts, pine and walnuts, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds. Nuts and seeds must be fed raw. Bread crusts are a tasty treat for degus. Homemade squirrels need to be well cared for and balanced nutrition.
It is allowed to give natural products 40 g per day. In the morning, degus are fed with grain, fresh food - in the evening. When stressed, they are pampered with delicious treats. Foods high in sugar are given in moderation.
Try to make small changes to your pet's menu every day. This will both benefit and delight the animal. Here's an example of how you can vary your meals for 4 days:
- 15 g of granulate, 5 g of seedlings, a couple of rose hips
- 20 g granules, 10 g dried fruits and carrots
- 10 g of granules, 10 g of oats and flax seeds, half a walnut.
- 30 g of granulate and 2 raisins.
Make sure that there is always fresh hay and clean water in the cage.
What chinchillas eat during their life seriously affects their health. But, despite the exoticism, it is relatively easy to feed them at home. Be careful when choosing food for your pet, and he will answer you with an active long life.