Andromeda or pieris, colorful foliage, beautiful cluster flowering
In the Andromeda family, there are 7 species, and varieties of shrubs with bright red foliage then turning green. Others produce variegated foliage. Flowering is early and quite long. It appears in the month of February. The flowers are grouped in clusters of drooping bells, simple and solid colors, or multicolored. Andromeda is very hardy and withstands very negative temperatures, down to around -20 ° C. Today the plant is part of the genus "pieris", but in the Linnaeus classification the plants were classified "Andromeda" hence its common name Andromeda. The shrub can theoretically reach 4 meters in turn. While this is true when it is in its original environment, the varieties grown are more measured, collected, small. The Andromeda rarely develops antlers more than 2 meters in circumference.
The leaves are narrow, oval and pointed. They are bright red while they are growing and turn green later, sometimes variegated. Then the flowers appear, magnificent, in clusters, first in decorative colored buttons or white during winter, then, with the onset of spring, they open, in the shape of bells or tubulars. The spectacle is all the more splendid as there are so many of them. Most Andromeda bear the hanging clusters, but some varieties “bear” them upright.
• Pieris SPP - Pieris Japonica (photo)
• Cycle: perennial shrub
• Foliage: lapsed
• Hardiness: Very hardy plant (-18 ° C more)
• Family: Ericaceae - Ericaceae
• Harbor : Shrub
• Exhibition: Sun, partial shade and shade
• Ground : Light soil heather earth
• Sowing: Spring
• Plantation: Spring and fall
• Flowering: February to June.
• Fructification: –
• Rooting: Roots
• Cultivation area: Zone 7 to 10 hardiness map (France - Quebec)
• Origin: Asia and North America
• Honey plant: –
• Edible plant: No
• Poisonous plant: No
Special features of the andromeda:
• Rapid growth
• Very rustic
• Evolving leaf color.
What advantages in the garden:
• Flamboyant foliage.
• Superb and long flowering.
• The Andromeda is a shrub that can be planted in the sun, in semi-shaded surroundings and even in the shade.
• Light and drained soil. The shrub particularly appreciates heather earth soils.
Method of multiplication?
• Cutting, layering and sowing. The simplest in Andromeda is summer cuttings.
When to prepare andromeda cuttings?
• In August or September on semi-mature branches, which begin to become woody.
How to carry out the cuttings?
• Choose semi-woody branches
• Take the ends of the branches.
• Remove the leaves along the entire length except at the end.
• Plant the cuttings 3/4 in a medium pot filled with a 70/30 heather soil / potting mix.
• Water well.
• Place a transparent plastic bag and secure it to the pot with an elastic band, to make a stifled cutting.
• Then place the pot (s) in the shade.
• The roots will appear 4 to 5 weeks later.
• Water regularly.
• Wait until spring to replant.
When to layering andromeda?
• Spring or summer. The layering remains intact until the following spring.
How to layering?
• See here the principle of layering on the wisteria layering sheet.
• First, we select a branch, which we can bring without breaking it at ground level.
• Superficially notch the branch on the underside, in a few places, where the new roots will appear.
• Bury the branch under 10 -15 cm of soil, taking care to add compost before placing it and covering it with soil.
• Water regularly.
• Throughout the rooting period, the branch remains attached to the shrub.
• The roots appear in a few weeks.
• Leave the layering as is until the following spring when you will see new branches.
• Separate from the shrub and replant in the desired location.
When to plant the Andromeda?
• In spring or fall.
How to plant?
• Depending on the size of the andromeda plant,
• Prepare the ground on a spade height.
• The plant really only likes heather soil. Make a significant contribution if necessary.
• Prepare the planting (s), 1 to 2 meters of space between the plants depending on the varieties grown.
• Recap with soil.
• Tamp well without damaging plants.
Culture in pots?
• Small species can easily be planted in pots.
• Remove flowers when they are wilted.
• 5 to 6 months of flowering between May and October.
• Pieris "Floribunda" has erect panicles with white flowers
• Pieris "Ormosa" has white flowers
• Pieris "Japonica" at white flowers in drooping panicles, "Japonica Flamingo " with red buttons, "JaponicaVariegata " with variegated green and white foliage
• Pieris "Nana" is a dwarf shrub ideal for container culture. It has a circumference of approximately 70 cm.
• Pieris « Forest Flame " with fine foliage, red at the beginning then green.
What to plant with Andromeda?
• Plant with rhododendrons, hydrangeas, and camellias
• ATa garden: isolated, in massif for small species ...
• Without garden: dwarf varieties appreciate large pots in a mixture of heather earth and leaf mold.
Photo by First Light - creative commons on wikipedia.org.
Andromeda in the ornamental garden
Andromeda is a very hardy perennial shrub. First bright red, throughout the growth, then green and sometimes variegated, the leaves punctuate the life of the tree as its flowering, which begins with the very decorative buds, which place the flowers in bells. or tubular white or colored, often pink. easy to grow, the shrub involves a soil of heather earth.
The chestnut grows in acidic, light and deep soils. It does not tolerate active limestone and high clay levels. The Mediterranean climate suits it perfectly, although it can also be found in other regions of France. Chestnut is resistant to winter cold, down to -20 ° C, but it does not like spring frosts. The trunk of young plants should be protected from frost in the early years up to the age of 10 in the spring.
In the PDO "Châtaignes d'Ardèche", 65 varieties have been selected historically by the producers: the most recent is 150 years old. Each valley cultivates its own varieties depending on the climate, which changes according to the altitudes. You have to choose a variety suited to your region.
Castanea sativa 'Comballe' is the main variety from Ferme aux Châtaignier. Present for several centuries, it was selected for its very fine texture, its sweet taste and its productivity. It is recommended in dry areas.
Planting is carried out in autumn or spring, apart from periods of frost.
The soil in your garden should be acidic, fertile, cool, and well-drained.
The exhibition should be partially shaded. The Japanese Andromeda can also be planted in the shade but its flowering will be less generous.
There is little maintenance to be expected. The Japanese Andromeda is very hardy and tolerates winter temperatures down to -30 ° C.
Add fertilizer every year and remove dead branches. No pruning is required.
Flowering appears in spring. It consists of small, nectariferous white flowers united in long terminal panicles.
© stan shebs
© stan shebs
Other species of Pieris present on the site:
Also called “Forest Flame” or “forest fire”, this bright red and green shrub will bring a particularly interesting color note to your hedges or beds.
Its flowers in the form of clusters range from white to red through pink.
They will give a very decorative note to your garden from the very beginning of spring.
For a bloom with purple-red flowers, choose the Valley Valentine variety, a stunning, bright and colorful andromeda.
This very beautiful evergreen foliage tinged with pink, white, then brilliant red in spring is an ideal shrub to adorn your garden but also your tubs and pots for your terrace.
The Japanese andromeda is a shrub that is particularly well suited for container cultivation.
Thanks to its low development, about 1.5 m, and its evergreen foliage, it is ideal for decorating balconies and terraces and providing interest, in winter, spring, summer and fall.
- Make sure the pot is well drilled at the bottom to avoid standing water.
- Place a drainage bed with clay balls or pebbles to facilitate the flow of water to the bottom of the pot.
- Fill the pot with heather exclusively and plant your Japanese Andromeda.
- Mulch with pine bark, it keeps humidity in summer and it protects against the cold in winter
- Water regularly from spring to autumn, as soon as the soil is dry on the surface
Multiply strawberry plants
Renew easily your strawberries by following our advice in video. You just need to create new strawberry plants from runners : it's economical and fast. Extend your strawberry plantation with runners, which give new feet!
The strawberry plant produces runners: stems that start from the mother plant and create a new one when they are anchored in the ground. If you want nice strawberries, eliminate the runners. But if you want new feet, cut out the strawberries for better runners. Prepare it before pulling it off the mother plant and transplanting it into the ground.
Operate during the summer, pull on a line of runners, and spot the most developed, with roots and beautiful leaves. Keep it hanging on the mother plant and plant it in a pot filled with soil, which you will place on the ground, in the initial place of the stolon. To keep it in the pot, block it with an iron jumper. Water the pot.
The young plant remains attached to the mother plant for two weeks, however eliminate the secondary runners so as not to exhaust and flesh it out.
At the end of the two weeks, cut the stem which still attaches it to the mother plant, and transplant it in its final place in the garden. Count 20 plants to prepare for the needs of a family. And next year, on these feet eliminate the runners to favor the strawberries.
Good to know : Even while transplanting the runners, you will have to renew your strawberry mother plants every 2-3 years. Strawberries become fragile and become very susceptible to virus diseases, moreover the variety loses its characteristics with each multiplication by runners. Also change the location of the strawberry park.