I want to share with the readers a funny story that happened to me a year ago. I like to cook vegetables for lunch and dinner, especially root vegetables. And in the first place in my personal diet there are always tasty, slightly sweet sweet potato tubers.
And so, once again returning from the store with purchases, I unfolded the packages to put them in their usual places. Suddenly the bag of sweet potatoes bent down and one large tuber fell to the floor. This is how he caught my attention.
Taking the fugitive in my hands, I examined him from all sides. The tuber was large, elongated. In several places, the eyes were thickened, and it could seem that the sweet potato was about to sprout.
It was then that an amazing idea was born to me. I wanted to plant a tuber and see if a bush grows out of an ordinary store specimen. After all, a vegetable is still considered unusual for our northern vegetable gardens.
No sooner said than done. To begin with, it was necessary to find a suitable container. A deep plastic box came up from under the recently purchased champignons. It was about 12 cm deep. I decided that this was exactly what I needed. I took out a package of fertile soil substrate prepared for seedlings from the store.
It would be possible to save money and use ordinary garden land. But for the purity of the experiment, I wanted everything to be at the highest level. I also came in handy with some coarse sand, which I planned to use for drainage in indoor flowers.
So, I took a box and pierced several holes in it from the bottom so that moisture does not stagnate in the soil. I poured a substrate, about 8 cm, and then added a couple of centimeters of river sand to it. I took my experimental sweet potato and half-deepened it into the filled mixture. Now it was necessary to water the plantings. I moistened the soil well with lukewarm filtered water.
After that, my sweet potato spent almost a month in a warm room. I watered it every two days, in my opinion, more was not required. The sand was constantly slightly damp. When the first shoots appeared after 3 weeks, I moved the container to the brightest place - a window facing the south side. During this period, intensive lighting for young shoots is vital.
After another two weeks, it was time to separate the powerful shoots from the mother tuber. There were about thirty of them, all developed and quite long. I put the seedlings in clean water. The cups took up the whole window sill. After a while, the young sweet potatoes moved to a permanent place - a prepared bed in the center of the garden, previously there were tomatoes growing there. By the way, these are the best predecessors for this culture, along with onions and pumpkin seeds. The soil in my area is loamy, but rather light. The groundwater is deep, so there is complete expanse for the sweet potato, to grow and bring a rich harvest.
And so it happened. The small bushes have grown well and produced many beautiful tubers. This generation is already partly adapted to the conditions of temperate latitudes. Therefore, when planting new material, you can get a harvest even earlier and more abundantly.
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How to sprout, plant and grow sweet potatoes. My cultivation experience
Greetings dear reader!
Today I decided to tell you how to grow a sweet potato. This root vegetable, and they also call it sweet potatoes, attracted my attention for a long time, but I did not plant and grow it. The question of purchasing sweet potatoes has arisen for a long time! Only it was impossible to buy sweet potatoes, germinate, plant and grow.
And I'll start my article with history ...
Many years ago, having visited a friend's house, I saw that she was giving her son a vegetable cut into pieces. It looked like a potato, but the color of the flesh was orange. To my question, what is it? My friend smiled mysteriously ... She did not immediately say what it was, but gave me a treat and began to look at me questioningly.
-Well, how? Do you like? She asked. I nodded in the affirmative and asked: What is this? The taste is sweet, very similar to carrots and pumpkin at the same time, but in appearance, like a potato.
That's when she told me that it was sweet potato, sweet potato. The name of the vegetable did not tell me anything, and since there was no Internet at that time and it was impossible to google it, I began to ask questions.
How and when to plant sweet potatoes?
And this is the crop I harvested over the weekend from my experimental garden. I confess I expected more! I wanted to ask the experts: why are some sweet potatoes twisted into a ball, apparently the soil is too heavy for him ?! And some, apparently of a different kind, cracked, as if from waterlogging of the soil.
First harvest, but for some reason without chemicals -)
Curled up into a ball
In the center, two burst along the length of the sweet potato tuber
I also have a very important question for the sweet potato professionals: how to properly store the sweet potato? I read earlier that it can be safely stored at room temperature, that it does not need to be lowered into the basement ?! About a month and a half ago, I bought a couple of batatik from the Chinese, regretting digging my own, and safely forgot about it, and today I remembered about them and saw that it was covered with sprouts -))), and was stored at room temperature. So how should you store it so that it does not disappear and does not germinate ?!
P.S. I assumed that this is a fresh crop from China and there is no point in processing it with additional chemicals, it is still too expensive! But the one that we sell in winter is apparently processed for long-term storage
The sweet potato sprouted dry, and in the spring I danced such dances with tambourines over them so that they would sprout -)))
Tell me, please, the sweet potato leaves are covered with a white bloom, what is it?
it is possible to determine the type of sweet potato by the leaves and root crops? There were two varieties, Beregard and Javel.
For a start, it would be nice to wash the root tubers (we wash in a solution of potassium permanganate).
Here's a description:
It was developed by North Carolina State University. The main goal was to obtain the most versatile sweet potato, with a copper colored skin and moist, bright orange flesh. The variety is good in salads (it gives them an intense color), as well as for baking or steaming. In the States, it is of the yam type, which means moist yellow-orange flesh when cooked. The variety is very productive and produces chunky yams of uniform size. The recommended growing season is 120-125 days to obtain the maximum yield, although after 100 days you can start buorka. The variety is resistant to fusarium wilt, root nematode, internal corking. Fewer other orange varieties are damaged by wireworm.
Developed at Louisiana State University in 1987, this variety is one of the most popular in the world. The ripening period is 90 days. Gives the output of uniform marketable root crops of the same size. At the same time it is resistant to cracking, fusarium wilting and soil rot, but not resistant to nematodes. Stores well. Extends whips up to 2 meters long. Thickened planting is allowed: from 25 cm between plants in a row.
All Boregad-like varieties (including Jewel and Covington) are very similar in leaf. The differences are minimal. It seems to me that our Jewel had a more rounded leaf.
Sweet potato growing, planting and care: advice and feedback
The sweet potato, or sweet potato, is known throughout the world as a food plant. In our country, it is considered a decorative exotic, which can be grown only in a box on the balcony. But recently, more and more amateur gardeners are experimenting with sweet potatoes in the garden. It turns out that the thermophilic exotic is really capable of producing a soil crop in our area. True, not every sweet potato is suitable for this. But first things first.
Sweet potato varieties can be divided into decorative, fodder and dessert varieties. All of them form tubers, only in the former they are small and thin. In the latter, they are almost unsweetened and taste like potatoes. But the third are the most suitable - their tubers are really sweet and, depending on the variety, have a pleasant note of almonds, melon, banana or fried chestnuts.
You can grow sweet potatoes with seeds and cuttings, or like potatoes - by planting them in the garden. But the second method is suitable only for the southern regions, and in the middle lane the plant does not have time to form full-fledged tubers. Here, you can only grow sweet potatoes through seedlings, which you can buy or form yourself (see the block on the left). Tubers for seedlings should be purchased in nurseries and garden centers, where varietal planting material is presented. This is very important, because only early and mid-season varieties with a growing season of up to 110 days are suitable for central Russia, for example, Beauregard, Garnet, Purple or White Yam.
For sweet potatoes, it is not so much soil that is important (any is suitable), but the required amount of heat: the air temperature must be at least 25 ° C, so a greenhouse or greenhouse is the best solution. Although if you try, you can grow tubers in the open field, but you will need a sunny place (it also grows in the shade, but does not yield a crop), protected from the wind. Seedlings can be planted here only when the air temperature at night is at least 10 ° C. Before that, the soil should be thoroughly loosened to a depth of at least 20 cm and a lot of organic matter (humus or compost, 3-5 kg / m 2), as well as phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, should be added.
Then it is necessary to lay a plastic wrap on the garden bed, make holes in the planting sites and sprinkle the edges with soil. It is necessary to water and feed the plants through the holes, and for loosening and weeding, you will have to lift the film. Only in this way, in the middle zone, it will be possible to protect sensitive roots from the cold (even when the temperature drops to 10 ° C, the sweet potato stops growing). The aboveground part of the plant is more hardened, low temperatures are not so terrible for it.
At the first time after planting, watering is very important, preferably daily. After a month, the frequency of watering can be reduced, and two weeks before harvesting, stop altogether, otherwise the tubers will be watery. And yet - the sweet potato is gluttonous, so over the summer the plants need to be fed at least twice with organic matter, and at the end of August - with potassium fertilizer.
The harvest time depends on the variety. As a rule, it does not come until the end of September. A sign that it's time to take up the pitchfork is massive yellowing of the leaves. Important: the taste of tubers is fully revealed only 2-3 weeks after harvest. To ripen before laying for long-term storage, the tubers should be kept in a warm room for about 10 days. The optimum storage temperature is 12-14 ° C.
Sweet potatoes can also be grown on the balcony in a large box. But at the same time, make sure that the substrate is always moist. Liquid organic fertilizers (5 ml / l) should be added to the water for irrigation weekly - this stimulates the plants to grow leaf mass and to form larger tubers.
YOUR OWN HANDSED SALAD OF YOUR HANDS
Sweet potatoes can be planted like potatoes by burying the tubers in the ground. But in this case, the exotic forms shoots too late and simply does not have time to yield a crop by the onset of cold weather. There is a more effective way of propagation - cuttings. At the beginning of March, the sweet potato tubers should be laid out in a box with slightly damp sand or light substrate. You can pre-cut them and put them with a cut down.
Moisturize occasionally, but do not flood. The temperature in the room should be 18-25'C, not lower. In May, the shoots 10-12 cm long with four leaves are carefully separated from the tuber and placed in a container with water to form roots. The seedlings are ready!
- From the moment of planting to harvest, depending on the variety, 90-140 days pass. Dig up the tubers carefully, prying a bush with a pitchfork.
- When buying tubers for seedlings, make sure that they are not lethargic, with powerful short eyes. It is better to purchase such a product in nurseries or garden centers, because tubers from grocery stores often do not shoot well.
- Red-leaved ornamental varieties, such as 'Sweet Caroline Purple', do not grow as actively and, unlike forage and dessert varieties, form small tubers.
- Sweet Caroline Bronze 'also does not spoil the super-crop, but pleases the eye with decorative bronze leaves.
- The tall bed is perfect for growing sweet potatoes. Ideally, plants should be planted along the retaining walls - then long lashes can grow without hindrance, forming a dense deciduous cascade in summer.
Sweet potato: healthy and tasty recipes
Sweet potatoes, or sweet potatoes, have an unusual sweet-nutty flavor. Diversify your summer diet with new tasty and healthy dishes based on it!
Sweet potato burgers
For 8 large or 16 small portions 200 g zucchini, salt, 250 g white beans (canned), 500 g boiled sweet potatoes (prepared in advance),
1 onion, 2 cloves of garlic, 100 g oatmeal,
1 egg, ground black pepper, ground paprika, ground nutmeg, 2 tsp. tablespoons of mustard, 3 tablespoons of vegetable oil, 8 large or 16 small buns, / g salad cucumber, lettuce and basil, ketchup
- Wash the zucchini, remove the peel, coarsely grate, salt, let stand for 1 hour. Then squeeze out the moisture. 2. Drain the beans from the jar. Crush with a pusher along with the sweet potato prepared in advance. 3. Peel the onion and garlic, chop. Mix with sweet potato-bean mass, zucchini, oatmeal, egg, season with salt, pepper, paprika, nutmeg and mustard. 4. Form 8 large or 16 small flat meatballs. Fry in vegetable oil on each side for 3-4 minutes. 5. Cut along the bun. In each, put a meatball, a slice of cucumber, basil leaves. Pour the ketchup over the filling.
Sweet potato soup with croutons
For soup: 800 g sweet potatoes, 200 g potatoes,
200 g tuber celery, 1 onion,
1 small chilli pod, 1 table, a spoonful of vegetable oil, 1.5 liters of vegetable broth, 200 g of mango chutney sauce, salt, pepper, 1 tsp. a spoonful of lemon juice For croutons: 600 g of sheet dough (frozen), 1 yolk, 1 table, a spoonful of sour cream, sea salt
- Peel sweet potatoes, potatoes and celery, wash and cut into small slices. 2. Remove the husk from the onion and cut into cubes. 3. Rinse the chili peppers, cut the pod in half, remove the seeds, then grind. 3. Heat vegetable oil in a saucepan and simmer potatoes, sweet potatoes, celery and chili on it. Pour the vegetable broth and cook the vegetables in it for about 20 minutes. until ready. 4. Purée the soup. Stir in chutney and season with salt, pepper and lime juice. Bring to a boil and immediately pour into containers (pre-pour with boiling water). Close the lids and let cool.
In the refrigerator, ready-made soup can be stored for 3-4 days. 5. For croutons, roll out the dough thinly, cut out the stars and place on a greased baking sheet. Mix the yolk with sour cream and brush the stars from the dough. Sprinkle with sea salt and bake in the oven for 6-7 minutes. at a temperature of 180 ° C. Serve croutons with soup.
Grilled sweet potato salad
For refueling: 1 tsp. a spoonful of mustard, a pinch of lemon zest, 2 tablespoons of dill, 2-3 tablespoons of white wine vinegar, 2-3 tablespoons of lemon juice, 1 table, a spoonful of honey, 3 tablespoons. tablespoons of olive oil, 3 tablespoons of rapeseed oil, salt, pepper For salad: 300 g of cherry tomatoes (yellow and red), 1 red onion, 2 handfuls of young spinach, 2 sweet potato tubers (about 400 g), 3-4 tables, spoons of olive oil, salt, pepper, arugula leaves for decoration
- Mix all the ingredients for the dressing and season with salt and pepper. 2. For salad
wash the tomatoes and cut each in half. Peel the onion and cut into very thin slices. Rinse the spinach and shake off excess water. 3.Peel the sweet potato and cut into slices 5-10 mm thick. Brush with olive oil and fry in a grill pan for 5 minutes. from each side. Season with salt and pepper. 4. Distribute all the prepared ingredients for the salad on plates, pour over the dressing and sprinkle with pepper. Garnish with arugula leaves before serving.
Sweet potato fries
3 large sweet potato tubers, 3 tablespoons of starch, 4 tablespoons of olive oil, salt, ground black pepper, 1 table, a spoonful of rosemary
- Peel the tubers, cut into thin slices and place in a bowl of water. After about an hour, strain the water, dry the sweet potato slices with a kitchen towel, place in a plate and sprinkle evenly with starch. 2. Dip in olive oil, season with salt, pepper and rosemary. 3. Spread the sweet potatoes on a baking sheet lined with baking paper and bake in an oven preheated to 250 ° C for about 20 minutes. (time depends on the thickness of the slices). Important: during baking, the sweet potato slices should not be touched, otherwise these places will be left without a crisp.
Sweet potato gratin with goat curd
1 kg sweet potato, 2 red onions, garlic if desired, 200 g whipped cream, salt, pepper, grated nutmeg, grease, 200 g goat cheese, a bunch of arugula
- Peel the sweet potato, wash and cut into thin slices.
- Peel the onion, cut into half rings. Put in a sieve, pour over with boiling water, drain off excess water. 3. Peel the garlic, squeeze through a press, mix with the cream. Season with salt, pepper and nutmeg.
- Grease the gratin mold (coverage approx. 30 cm).
Put the sweet potato and onion overlapping on the bottom. Crumble cottage cheese and sprinkle vegetables with it. Pour over the garlic cream. Place in an oven preheated to 200 ° C for about 30 minutes. Rinse the arugula and tear into small pieces with your hands.
- Remove the gratin from the oven and sprinkle with herbs before serving.
No matter how scientists prove to us that the tropican sweet potato is from the bindweed family and has nothing to do with potatoes, we continue to traditionally call this culture "sweet potatoes." To some extent, this is not so bad, because such associations make it possible to replace the usual potatoes with more useful and environmentally friendly sweet potato tubers, which can be easily grown without the use of chemical remedies. In many European countries, the trend for a healthy and balanced diet is increasing every day.
At the same time, the food market is practically overwhelmed with "artificial" vegetables, potatoes, fruits and genetically modified products, which raise doubts among many buyers. In this regard, people are increasingly looking for salvation from the troubles of civilization on their backyards, where they grow environmentally friendly products. Thanks to such searches in the gardens of many farmers, such an unconventional culture for us as the sweet potato is gradually taking root.
And the most demanded of all varieties Potato
The increased attention to the "overseas guest" is due to a number of reasons. Firstly, sweet potato dishes taste good, they have high dietary and medicinal properties. Secondly, sweet potatoes yield 2-3 times more than potatoes and, which is very important, retains this advantage even in dry years. Thirdly, sweet potato plants are absolutely not interesting to the Colorado potato beetle and are not affected by late blight, which means they do not need protective treatments, which in turn can significantly save financial costs, effort and time. The sweet potato has never been a rival to the potato, but it is indispensable where there is a rapid degeneration or massive defeat of the potato by viral diseases.
Sweet potato is a perennial plant with long, creeping stems. It forms spindle-shaped, rounded oval root tubers, which are similar in chemical composition and taste to potatoes, but have a higher content of proteins, carbohydrates, minerals, ascorbic acid, carotene, vitamins B6, E, PP, etc. Sweet potato root tubers are one and a half times more caloric than traditional potatoes. At the same time, the digestibility of carbohydrates and proteins in sweet potatoes is much higher than that of potatoes.
Sweet potatoes are recommended to be included in the menu for people suffering from diseases of the digestive system, as well as with a hereditary predisposition to stomach tumors. Tropical exotic has been listed as an "antidiabetic" food because it is able to stabilize blood glucose levels.
Thanks to these excellent properties, the sweet potato has taken root in my garden for a long time. The plant prefers light sandy loam soils with an increased content of nutrients, grows worse on heavy loams, while forming elongated unproductive tubers.
I try to choose the most illuminated places on the site for sweet potatoes, since the plants do not tolerate even slight shading well. On the other hand, they can withstand heat (35 ° C and above) without much difficulty, but temperatures below 5 ° C are detrimental to plants. Despite the fact that sweet potatoes are quite drought-resistant, the lack of moisture in the soil dramatically reduces its yield. The same thing happens with waterlogging.
Sweet potato plants are responsive to the application of organic and mineral fertilizers, especially potassium. But with an excess of nitrogen in the soil, they form an abundant vegetative mass and slow down the formation of tubers.
The optimum temperature for normal growth and development of sweet potatoes is 25-28 ° C during the day and 18-20 ° C at night, soil moisture - 65-70%, air - 45-60%. To achieve good results in growing "sweet potatoes", it is enough to remember and follow a few basic rules.
First of all, you need to consider that you can grow sweet potatoes in the climatic zone of Ukraine only by seedling. To do this, in mid-February, large tubers are cut lengthwise into small pieces 6-8 cm long and placed in a 1% solution of potassium permanganate for 30 minutes, then dried well. I use a 40x60x25 cm box for growing seedlings, into which I fill in the soil mixture and plant 4-5 planting units, burying them 3-4 cm in the soil. By the way, small tubers can be planted without cutting. After this planting I water and cover the boxes with foil. The optimum temperature for germination is 22-28 ° C.
The first seedlings appear 25-30 days after planting. When the seedlings reach 12-15 cm in height, I separate them from the tubers and plant them in pots with soil mixture. Tuber sprouts can be removed 3-4 times, every 16-20 days. After each cut of new shoots, I feed them with a solution of humate (1 tbsp. Spoon in a bucket of water) or "Baikal EM" in the same proportion.
Please note that it is impractical to germinate a whole large sweet potato tuber, as it will give a large number of thickened shoots, which will lead to their low productivity and depletion of the tuber.
The best dates for planting seedlings in open ground are May 20-25 and early June, when the threat of return frosts has passed, and the soil temperature will be at least 18 ° C. If it is possible to cover the sweet potato plantings with film or agrofibre, the planting dates can be shifted two weeks earlier.
One of the important conditions for obtaining a good harvest is to prevent the growth of sweet potatoes into the soil. Therefore, I dig up the plot to a depth of 10-15 cm, then form ridges up to 40 cm high and plant seedlings in them according to the scheme 70 × 30-60 cm.
Before planting seedlings, I add humus (or vermicompost) and ash to each hole. If it is not possible to apply organic fertilizers, in the fall, you can fertilize the site with a mineral mixture with an increased dose of potassium.
Plant care is simple, it consists in the destruction of weeds, hilling, as well as top dressing with a solution of fermented chicken droppings (1:15) and "Baikal EM" (1 tablespoon per bucket of water), 0.5 liters of working solution for each plant. In dry summers, it is enough to water the plants once every 6-8 days. Watering should be stopped 3-4 weeks before harvesting.
In late September and early October, you can start harvesting. The main thing is to have time to dig up the tubers before frost. The harvested tubers are dried in the sun for 6-8 days and stored in a dry, ventilated room at an air temperature not exceeding 10 ° C. Under these conditions, sweet potatoes can be stored for up to 6 months. In no case should tubers be stored in the basement and cellar: due to high humidity, their shelf life will be significantly reduced. I store sweet potato tubers in the kitchen in cardboard boxes away from the radiator.
Sweet potato tubers can be fried, boiled, baked, added to salads, mashed, cutlets, stuffing for stuffing peppers, etc. Sweet potato stalks are an excellent food for domestic animals.
To get a high yield of sweet potatoes, you need desire, work and curiosity. Study the “character” of this culture and create the appropriate conditions for its growth and development. And then the result will be worthy of your efforts and efforts.