Gates and wickets

Gates and wickets

Gates and wickets |

Gates and wickets

Memo for creating a forged gate with your own hands


Unusual designer forged gates


We make insulated vertical gates from corrugated board


An overview of the design of homemade lifting gates


We make sliding gates based on the engine from the Zhiguli


How to make gates on beams


What is the peculiarity of the gate made of corrugated board


How to weld a forged gate yourself


How to make swing gates


An illustrative example of wicket installation


Overhead gate with concrete block counterweight


How to make a sliding gate


Description of wickets and gates: their classification and photos

Gates and gates are necessary for any fenced area, be it a cottage, summer cottage or a mansion. As part of the fence, when closed, they help to ensure the safety of the owners of the object, while in the open form they provide an exit from the fenced area to the outside world.

Both a fence (fence) and a gate with a wicket, depending on the design, can close the site from prying eyes or, conversely, give everyone the opportunity to admire the beauty and neatness of the fenced area without shading it. In any case, good design of these architectural elements is highly desirable. For everyone who wants to choose a suitable type, we offer a selection of photos of gates. And, of course, a photo of the gate.

Greenhouse sizes

Since the plants in the greenhouse are served outside, its width is chosen so that you can comfortably handle plants planted closer to the middle. Determine this empirically: sit down, and try to reach with your hand to some area. Measure the distance. Get the width of the greenhouse with a one-sided approach. This is if the greenhouse is located so that you cannot get close to it from the other side (near the wall, for example). If you can approach from both sides, this result is doubled.

It is important to work comfortably

The distance for each person is different: height and physical condition affect. You should not chase the economy, making it wider than necessary. You will have to spend a lot of time on weeding, loosening, fertilizing, and other work. A couple of hours in an uncomfortable position, and no strength remains. Therefore, it is better to make the greenhouse a little narrower, but to make it convenient to work: getting pleasure from work, you spend less energy.

And the length of the greenhouse is chosen based on the layout of the site. It is arbitrary.

Garden doors (gates and gates)

Suburban estates - a house and a garden - begin at the gate. Like a mirror, they reflect the character of the "estate" and the attitude of the owners to the world, making the first and sometimes quite unexpected impression on the guests. Everything is important - the size of the structure, its massiveness, or, conversely, the lightness, materials chosen for construction, decorative ornaments used for decoration

They built a house, surrounded it with a fence, and left an opening in the fence and decided: there will be a gate here. The place should be convenient for the car's driveway to the garage. The width of the central opening depends on the equipment that will drive through the site. For a car, 3-4 m is enough, for a truck - 6 m. The gates located behind the house and opening the way from the garden to the river are not made too wide. Both gates and wickets, as a rule, are designed and installed at the same time as the fence. They can be made deaf or open (through, "transparent") - the choice depends on the design of the fence and on how open you are to the outside world. The material - metal, stone, brick, wood - is chosen so that it is combined with the material of the fence and the house. Almost all gates are rather massive structures, because their main function is protective.

Gate designs

There are two main types of entrance gates: swing gates and sliding gates (sometimes referred to as sliding gates). The first swing open, freeing the opening, and the second, as the name implies, move along the fence.
Each type of gate has its own advantages and disadvantages. In addition, in cottage settlements, you can occasionally find sectional or roll-type entrance gates. Their canvas consists of horizontal panels, interconnected by locking systems. When opening, the roller shutter curtain is wound on the shaft and goes into a special box, which is located at the top of the opening. At the same time, the entire space near the gate remains free. Such gates are usually installed in garages for entrance gates, a similar design is exotic, so we will not consider it.

Swing gates are a classic and very popular design that has been used in different parts of the world for many centuries. The swing gates are arranged as follows: along the edges of the opening on the foundation, there are two vertical posts (these can be fence posts or separate posts designed specifically for the gate) - supports for the entire structure. Hinges are attached to the posts, on which the sashes are hung (depending on their severity, two or three hinges are mounted on the rack). When closed, the gate is bolted. The doors are thrown open onto the street or into the courtyard, depending on the location of the hinges and the availability of free space in front of or behind the fence.

Each sash is a frame, sheathed with some kind of material. The frame is usually made of steel shaped pipes (section 45 × 25, 40 × 40, 60 × 30, 60 × 40, 80 × 40 mm) or galvanized profiles of various shapes. For filling, they use corrugated board, metal siding, sandwich panels or smooth metal sheets (usually 1.5-2 mm thick, and if you need to build especially strong gates, then even 3-5 mm), as well as a metal grate, forged elements. Swing gates, sheathed with wooden panels or a profiled board, look very beautiful (more often they choose pine wood, less often larch or oak). The doors made of wood can be additionally decorated with forged elements, stylized, for example, for hinges or eyelets. The width of the flaps is different, in most cases it is 1.5-3 m. With narrow openings (say, 3 m), swing gates can be made single-leaf.

The pillars are made either from a metal pipe (with a cross section of at least 100 × 100 mm, it is used mainly for light structures), or from bricks (at least one and a half bricks thick). In the latter case, a reinforcing element is first installed (for example, a metal pipe with a section of 80 × 40 mm, or with a diameter of 150-200 mm, or a column of four metal rods), then brick it up, after which the cavities are poured with concrete. Embedded elements are welded to the reinforcement, which are brought out - loops or the so-called compensator will be welded to them in the future. This refers to a pipe made of metal, designed to level the vertical deviations of the support pillars (I must say that various vertical deviations of the pillars are quite common). All pillars are built on a foundation up to 1.5 m deep.

In the case of heaving soils, a U-shaped frame structure is concreted in the ground along the entire width of the opening (depth - 1.2-1.5 m). Then a column pipe is welded to its fittings - then, when the soil moves, the entire structure of the gate will "walk" entirely. Hinges are chosen depending on the severity of the shutters: for light ones - with a diameter of 25 mm, and for heavy ones (from 500 kg) - at least 40 mm. The only thing that can prevent the installation of swing gates is the lack of free space in front of them. The sash opening angle must be greater than 90 °. In addition, you need to plan a "place for snowdrifts" nearby - in winter, you will have to constantly clear snow on the site in front of the gate.
The cost of swing gates depends on the complexity of the design and on the material. So, through wooden gates made of pine cost from 800 rubles / m2 sheathed with metal sheet or corrugated board - from 1300 rubles / m2 forged with simple elements - from 2700 rubles / m2 forged with complex imitations of floral ornaments - from 7000 rubles / m2 (prices without delivery and installation). Almost all fencing companies are engaged in the production and installation of gates. The structure is designed according to the customer's sketches or taking into account all his wishes, so it is difficult to find two absolutely identical gates.

Sliding gates, as already mentioned, when opened, move away from the opening along the fence. Their main advantage is compactness: in the open position, they do not require significant free space on the site. Such gates are 40-80% more expensive than swing gates made of similar materials. Previously, suspended sliding gates were popular, which were suspended on the upper guide rail (unfortunately, it does not look too decorative) and slid along it, resembling the doors of a wardrobe. Today, console-type sliding gates are more often installed. A guide beam is welded to the bottom of their frame along the entire length. When opened, the canvas moves along the fence line along the cantilever blocks installed on a solid foundation (sometimes they are also called roller supports or carriages). The gates are made for a given opening and can be of any size. It is only important to take into account that the width of the web should be approximately 40-50% greater than the width of the opening. The "tail" part of the canvas is not visible from the outside, but it is it that rests on the cantilever blocks located on the inside of the fence.

As a rule, two console blocks are installed at a distance of 1.2-2 m from each other (this distance is calculated for each specific case). With a very large opening and heavy gates, three cantilever blocks are used. Each of them contains several rollers with vertical and horizontal axes - together they ensure the balance of the entire moving system. It is on the console blocks, and not on the pillars, that the design of the sliding gate rests. In order not to overload the rollers of the cantilever blocks, in the closed position the door leaf is supported on the catcher shoe. Sliding gate accessory kit can be purchased separately. They are offered by DOORHAN, ROLTEK (both from Russia), ROLLING CENTER (Italy). The cost of the Basic Normal set for gates weighing up to 600 kg (manufacturer - ROLLING CENTER) is about 18,500 rubles.

The reinforced concrete foundation, intended for fastening the cantilever blocks, is laid at a depth of freezing of the soil - 1.5 m. The width of the foundation is about 40 cm, and the length is slightly more than the "shank" of the canvas. Sliding gate frames are usually made of steel profile pipes with a cross section of 60 × 40, 80 × 40 mm. The canvas can be filled with various materials: galvanized corrugated board, sandwich panels, steel sheet, wooden or vinyl clapboard. The canvas is not only solid, but also "transparent" - a simple lattice (made of metal pipes) or openwork forged, with a very different pattern.
For the weather conditions in Russia, the cantilever-type design is most convenient, especially if the gate is operated all year round. The canvas is located at a height of about 10 cm from the surface of the road surface, therefore, even during a snowfall, such gates can be freely opened, and the owner does not need to first get out of the car and clear the area from snow.

Electric doormen

Almost all mechanically opening gates and wickets can be equipped with an electric drive system and made automatic without changing their design. On the Russian market, gate automation is offered by such companies as BENINCA, CAME, FAAC, GIBIDI, NICE, ROGER TECHNOLOGY (all - Italy), MARANTEC (Germany), TRUD (Russia). There are two main types of drives for swing structures: linear (or worm) and lever.

If a gate is a structure designed primarily for the passage of cars, then wickets are more chamber structures that serve people. Usually they are made in the same style and from the same materials as a fence with a gate. Wickets are completely metal or wooden, combining these materials with stone and brick. They can be built into a fence or gate or be an independent structure. Supports in the second case are usually fence posts. To lock the gates, either mechanical or electromechanical locks or various locking devices (latches, hooks, etc.) are used. For convenience, a peephole or an opening window can be built into the gate overlooking the street. If you build a visor on top, then in the rain or snow under it it will not be so uncomfortable to tinker with the lock. If necessary, wickets, like gates, are equipped with electric drives, electric locks, an alarm system, an intercom, lighting devices.

In a single key

It is desirable that all structures on the site - a house, a bathhouse, a fence and a gate with a wicket - be made in the same style. And this does not mean that in each case you need to use the same materials. The house can be plastered or built of bricks, and at the fence and gates, you can make only supports with brick or plastered, while filling the spans will consist, say, of a metal lattice. All this will preserve the general character of the buildings - massive, solid. However, the "transparent" fence will somewhat revive such an ensemble. Light wooden gates entwined with plants will tell the guests about the owners' love for nature and that they will meet a landscape garden and a house immersed in greenery. Openwork and playful floral ornaments are the embodiment of the true soul of Art Nouveau forged designs. The forging is more dense, with a geometric decor, suitable for Baroque and Rococo.
The gate can also carry a certain national flavor. Traditional Russian gates with roofs and paintings are appropriate if behind them hides a garden with flower carts, flowerpots, flower beds and wooden buildings stylized as village ones. Where the protective function is not the most important thing, you can build a wattle fence. Good metal "wattle" - it is more strong and durable. A wicker reed gate with earthen supports will have a distinct southern flavor.
Sometimes a few strokes are enough to start a roll call between the house and the fence. The closer the house and the entrance gate are to each other, the more you need to take care of their compatibility.

Decorative openings

Often, several functional zones coexist in the garden, and one is separated from the other by a fence - a low picket fence or a hedge. It can be a wattle fence made according to traditional Russian technology, and a stone wall impenetrable to the eye. To connect the areas of the garden with each other, openings are made in the fence. And often the owners decide to do without "protective" gates (here they are simply useless) and leave the openings open. There are many options for their original decoration. Above them, you can build a pergola or arch, and then twine with vines - maiden grapes, honeysuckle, honeysuckle, and if the place is sunny - even climbing roses or clematis. You can build a "living" opening from trees suitable for hedges (say, thuj). You can borrow a technique from oriental (primarily Chinese) gardens and "cut" a round hole right in the fence. It will not only be functional, but also become a kind of frame for a natural picture located on the other side of the fence.

The editors would like to thank the DOORHAN GROUP OF COMPANIES, ASTER, METAL WORLD, PALISADE, TPO SVAROG, EXTRA-TECH, ELECTRODOM for their help in preparing the material.

Photo credits: O. Voronin, V. Nefedov, N. Boltov

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