Despite the wide variety of modern roofing materials, natural coatings do not lose their popularity. These include reeds. Its use for covering the roof has more than one hundred years. Despite the fact that working with this material is quite specific, anyone can make a roof from reeds on their own.
Characteristics and features of reeds as a roofing material
Reed is used as a roofing material due to its strength and durability, originality and originality.
The reed roof looks very unusual
Advantages and disadvantages
A reed roof is environmentally friendly, but it also has other positive qualities:
- waterproofing - a thick layer of reeds will not let water through, even if heavy rains do not stop for several weeks;
- thermal insulation - the reed roof does not need to be additionally insulated, while in such a house it will be warm in winter and cool in summer;
- flexibility - this property allows you to cover the roof of any shape;
- naturalness - such a roof does not need a vapor barrier, since reeds are able to provide natural ventilation;
- resistance to mold and mildew - this property is given by treatment with antiseptics and fire retardants;
- long service life - with proper care and installation, it can reach 50 years;
- no need for arranging a lightning rod;
- cost-effectiveness - the material itself is cheap, as well as its transportation, there is no need to buy additional materials for waterproofing, insulation, there is practically no need for repairs.
But the reed roof has some drawbacks. The main one is flammability. Reed is afraid not only of open fire, but also of excessive heat. Flame retardant treatment can only reduce the risk of fire, but not completely eliminate it. This is due to the fact that the protective composition is able to penetrate only 5-7 cm deep into the roof, and also be washed out by rain and snow.. Therefore, it is recommended to repeat this treatment every 2-3 years.
Reeds can be placed on any roof configuration
In addition, birds and rodents are very fond of reeds. That is why it is necessary to lay the material as tightly as possible so that there are no protruding ends and cracks.
How to choose and prepare reeds for the roof yourself
Ready-made reeds for the roof can be purchased or prepared by yourself. In the second case, it is necessary to go for the material in late autumn or early winter. This is due to the fact that it is during this period that all vital processes stop in the reed stalks and the plant begins a dormant period. For harvesting, stems with a bronze-golden color and a hard surface are suitable, while they must be hollow on the inside. Be prepared for the fact that a few months after installing the material on the roof, due to constant exposure to ultraviolet rays, the material may change color to a grayish brown. But the operational properties of such a roof will not change from this.
It is necessary to dry the reeds for the roof in sheaves
It is best to choose the one that grew on the shore of a fresh reservoir, since it is such a reed that has the required level of strength and reliability. The highest quality material grows in the Krasnodar Territory, the Volga Region and in the Astrakhan Region.
It is better to choose reeds that grow on the shore of a fresh water body
The procurement process itself is carried out as follows.
- The stems are mowed with a special technique or by hand.
You can cut the reeds manually using a sickle or hand scythe
- After that, they are knitted into sheaves, then dried and tied up in heaps. It is necessary to achieve a stem moisture content of 18%.
For drying, the reeds need to be placed with the panicles up
- Upon reaching this, they are collected in cone-shaped heaps, while the brushes are placed at the top.
- Leave the reeds for several months before final drying. Only then can the stems be combined into stacks.
Before direct use, the brooms must be cut off, since their presence can accelerate the decay process. You also need to remove all leaves and other plants that may have gotten into the sheaves.
It is not difficult to calculate the amount of material, since the consumption per 1 square meter of the roof base is approximately 8 bundles of reeds.
Video: processing reeds for the roof
Reed roof device
Reed roof has its own specifics in the device. Most often, this material is used to cover simple roofs, for example, shed, gable or domed. More complex roofs will require some experience with this type of material.
For laying reeds, it is necessary to prepare the rafter system, as well as mount the crate. It should be borne in mind that the specific weight of such a roof is approximately 35 kg per 1 m2... For the lathing, it is best to take a bar with a section of 50 * 50 or 40 * 60 mm. The lathing step should be 30–35 cm.
The reed is placed on a sparse crate with a step of 30-35 cm or on a solid base
There are other features of a reed roof.
- The minimum slope allowed is 35 °. Thanks to this, precipitation and melt water will not linger on the roof surface, which means that the risk of their penetration into the house will be minimal.
- The need to arrange a drainage layer around the perimeter. In it, you will need to make a branch to the storm sewer. Without this, spray from the roof will fall on the facade and blind area, which will definitely lead to their destruction.
- The need to protect the material from sparks if there is a fireplace or wood stove in the house.
It is not recommended to equip a reed roof in those houses next to which there are trees with lush crowns. Such a neighborhood will prevent natural ventilation and moisture evaporation. And this can reduce the life of the roof.
The device of a reed roof does not depend on the purpose of the building
The roof device does not depend on the purpose of the building, since no additional insulation and waterproofing is required.
How to cover the roof with reeds yourself: step by step instructions
There are various technologies for laying and knitting roofing reeds. The differences lie not so much in the specifics of styling, but in the use of a material of a certain length.
Reed laying methods
There are several European schools for laying roofing reeds.
- Dutch implies the use of bundles 110-180 cm long, while the thickness of each stem in them should not exceed 6 mm.
- Danish technology requires the use of short stems up to 100 cm long and 5 mm thick.
- The Polish school is distinguished by the way of tamping the reeds. Such roofs are looser and have a ridge of the same material.
There are various ways to stack reed tufts on the crate.
- In an open roof, the beams are laid in such a way that their back side forms the ceiling of the attic. But such a roof will crumble, while the installation of ceiling lamps is impossible.
Open reed roof is more suitable for outbuildings
- In a closed roof, the bundles are covered from the inside with plasterboard or plywood. Such a roof will be much more functional.
Immediately before overlap, all the reeds must be divided into 3 parts:
- rough stems - they are used as a substrate;
Rough and long stems can be used for covering in the widest part of the roof, while short ones can be laid along the gables, on the ridge and in the corners.
Tools for the job
For arranging a reed roof, special tools and devices will be required, which will ensure not only the correct laying of the material, but also the safety of working at height. The classic reed roofer tool list consists of:
- combs or brushes, which may have a short or long handle;
- a knife with a serrated blade;
- sickle with sharpening of a needle or scapula;
- durable work gloves;
- shoulder blades.
All reed roof tools must be sharp and sturdy
In addition, a screwdriver and a hammer may be required, as well as special devices for lifting material to the roof and ensuring safe work at height. For comfortable work on the roof, you may need short ladders or steps with sharp knives.
A ladder and a chair with knives will increase the safety of working at heights
Most often, Dutch technology is used for laying reed roofs. This is due to a more pleasant appearance of the end result and an increased strength of the entire structure.
There are certain rules for laying a reed roof using this technology.
- The material must be carefully prepared, in particular, remove leaves and spoiled stems, treat with antiseptic preparations.
- In those places where the reeds stick out and go beyond the base, the bundles must be clamped towards the outer part of the roof so that there is not a single gap. Usually stainless wire is used for this. The first clamp is made at a distance of 20 cm from the clamping bar, the second - after 12 cm. All other fixation points should be located in increments of 30 cm.
- You need to fasten the bundles as tightly as possible. Thinner wire is recommended for corner beams.
- The thickness of the material layer depends on the parameters of the roof. For example, if the angle of inclination is 40 °, and the distance from the end of the roof to the beam is less than 7 m, then the layer should be 25 cm at the bottom and at least 22 cm at the ridge.
Most often, roofing reeds are laid using Dutch technology.
Installation of a reed roof takes place in several stages.
- Stacking bundles of reeds with temporary attachments and special clothespins. Such a fitting will allow you to present the final result, as well as find out the features of installation on a specific roof. Clamps can be numbered for easy control of the reed layer. It is necessary to lay the bundles with an overlap, evenly and as tightly as possible. Work should start from the lower edge of the roof slope, while the overhang should be at least 50 cm. To lay the reeds, the lower part is divided in half and put on the sheathing timber. The first row is laid from single or double sheaves. The second row is positioned in such a way that its edge overlaps the place of dressing of the previous one, but at the same time it is not more than 28-30 cm from the edge of the eaves.
Bunches of reeds in the first row must be put on the sheathing timber
- Fixation of beams. There are several ways to commit. In the case of arranging an open roof, they can be stitched with wire. This work needs to be done by two people, since one person will be on the roof, and the other on the back side, that is, in the attic. Screws with wire clamps put on them must be transferred to each other according to the principle of needles. The option of fastening with aluminum or galvanized wire is also possible. On the one hand, it is attached to the inside of the wind board, then stretched along the entire length of the roof at a short distance from the lower edge of the sheaf and fixed on the other part of the roof. After that, studs from the same wire are installed. From the attic side, the studs go around the sheathing bar and twist, attracting the wire and reeds.
After laying the second row of reeds, it is fixed with wire or birch branches.
- Padding. This process allows you to make the reed layer denser and as even as possible. For tamping, a special spade-bat is used, which can be heavy (for finishing alignment) or small flat (for points of connection of planes).
You need to tap the reeds after laying each row.
- Pruning protruding stems. This stage is optional, the need for pruning depends only on the personal preferences of the owner. The roof can be either perfectly flat and neat, or a little tousled. It is recommended to make the topmost layer a little loose in order to increase the protective functions of the roof.
- Flame retardant treatment to protect the roof from fire.
Video: harvesting reeds and laying on the roof
How to align tufts of reed masonry
The reed tufts are aligned to give the roof a finished and tidier appearance. For this, a special shovel is used.
Alignment is carried out after the installation of each row. In the process of laying each row of reeds, a kind of step is formed, which must be aligned in accordance with the sheaves located below. For this, a special comb-blade is used. It can have a different design.
- Wooden with a short handle. The size of such a blade is 300 * 250 * 50 mm. There are teeth 12-15 mm high on the surface. It is intended for combing and leveling reed stalks.
A wooden spatula is usually used for combing stems
- Metallic. At one end, it has a relief in the form of rings, pointed along the upper edge. This allows you to compact, level and comb the reeds with one tool.
The metal shovel is used for both intermediate and finishing tamping of reeds.
To level the reeds, pat each row that is laid.
Reed roof insulation
Reed can be considered an ideal roofing material, since in addition to its unique appearance, it has excellent thermal and waterproofing qualities. This means that additional insulation is not required - a significant angle of inclination (more than 35 °) and a layer thickness of 30 cm do not allow heat to escape from the dwelling and do not let the cold inside. With such a device, a reed roof is identical in terms of the degree of thermal conductivity to a layer of insulation 15 cm thick.
To protect the reed roof from fire, special antiseptic and fire retardant compounds are used. The most commonly used fire retardant FSH-1. It is a two-component mixture that can significantly reduce the risk of reeds igniting, as well as the spread of fire over the roof surface. Another advantage of this particular product is effective protection against atmospheric precipitation.
Flame retardant treatment will help prevent reed roofs and houses from catching fire
In addition to the use of special fireproofing compounds for impregnation, there is a new fire protection system. Its laying is carried out at the time of installation of the reeds. It is a film that does not impede the free passage of air through it and the natural process of ventilation of such a roof. During testing, it was confirmed that within 38 minutes of burning, the fireproof film is not damaged, which means that the fire will not be able to transfer to the roof rafter system and the water after extinguishing will not flow into the house.
A reed roof, provided that it is correctly installed, is very easy to maintain. The service life can be extended if the following rules are followed:
- make sure that the trees near the house do not block the sun's access to the reeds;
- regularly clean the roof from leaves and branches;
- if necessary, replace some parts of the roof;
- process with special fire-retardant mixtures every few years.
Reed roof repair
As such, repairs for a reed roof are practically not required. The only thing that needs to be done in order to extend the service life is to periodically replace some parts of the roof. This is very easy to do.
- Remove the damaged area. To do this, you need to dismantle the pins with which the sheaf was attached and remove the stems from under the aluminum wire.
- Lay a new bundle on the opened area and fix it.
- Make the treatment with fire retardant compounds.
Reed roof repair consists in spot replacement of damaged reed bundles
Reviews of reed roofs
A reed roof can be an excellent option for a country house, since it will serve for a long time, and it does not need to be repaired often. Despite the fact that the method of installing such a roof is very peculiar and requires certain skills, almost everyone can cope with the work.
5 cover options for one roof
Tired of the old slate roof? Do you want to replace it, but do not know what? Weighing your options, but not knowing the prices? We have done all the routine work for you and have prepared several attractive solutions. You just have to make a choice of a suitable roof.
The best way to avoid disappointment during the period of operation is to turn to professionals and provide all the pros and cons in the process of designing, choosing and buying the components of the roofing system. And if you do not need to spend time calling specialized firms and going shopping, the process becomes doubly pleasant.
We give you the opportunity, without leaving your home, to determine the type of roofing for your building, as well as the prices of ready-made complex solutions.
Reed roofs. Dreams and reality
I want to do so much! And the list of garden DREAMS is growing and growing!
Among the latest new ones is the dream of a reed roof for the gazebo and chicken coop. More correctly, the dream of a cozy, warm chicken coop with a thatched roof and a small gazebo not far from the poultry yard.
And it seemed that there was something difficult ... But when I began to find out in one of the construction offices how much a reed roof costs ... Answer. Silent scene ... Simply put, having received an answer, I rudely left without comment.
But the dream needs to be realized. Everything new is well forgotten old! Our ancestors had thatched roofs in almost every village.
Dear seven-day students! Tell me! Please advise!
I highly doubt, Valentina, that this can be done in an amateur mode. Of course, to get a decent quality. see the photo below. Our country has the richest reed resources. According to experts, the best quality material grows in the estuaries of the Krasnodar Territory. It is not surprising that a truly industrial harvesting of material for a natural roof has been established there (including the following steps - reed mowing, drying, leaf removal, knitting into sheaves of different heights and sizes, packing in "packs" of 70-80 sheaves). I was not surprised that you named an office from the Krasnodar Territory.
Vegetable roofs are characterized by combined qualities that only Nature itself could give. They do not require under-roof ventilation, hydro, steam and thermal insulation. Growing in water, roofing reed is water repellent. In rainy weather, reed roofs absorb water very slowly, completely saturating only the surface layer 3–5 cm thick with moisture. The waterproofing of the covering is achieved through special installation techniques.
The stalk structure provides air exchange and self-ventilation of the roof, that is, it allows the coating to “breathe”. Insulating qualities are also inherent in roofing cane. The coefficient of thermal conductivity of the material is comparable to that of mineral wool slabs (0.042 W / m • ºС - versus 0.037 W / m • ºС for a basalt heat insulator, for example, by Rockwool). Therefore, it is not surprising that the roof covering 35–30 cm thick fully meets modern heat engineering requirements.
Such a roof covering does not provide for a drainage system. It is more expedient to provide water intake gutters in the cottage blind area. In the second photo, this is clearly visible. And, for example, the rainwater intake line can be decorated with granite crushed stone.
For fire safety purposes, chimneys are framed with metal aprons. By the way, in relation to thatched roofs, fire-prevention measures are taken as provided for wooden roofs.
I personally got acquainted with a serious firm that professionally deals with thatched roofs. You will find them in the search engine by typing the combination "Chief Master and Technical Director of the Baltic Style company Vigandas Katauskas"
I took these pictures at Katauskas
Water will flow here
Here's a sample
And this is a whole house. Imagine - this is Italy
What materials can be used to build a gazebo
A large selection of building materials allows you to choose the right option for any budget and building style. All materials can be conventionally divided into 2 groups: traditional and unusual. The first include:
Stone, brick... The construction of a gazebo made of brick or stone will be expensive, but such a structure will be reliable and durable. Materials are not subject to the negative influence of atmospheric precipitation, pests. Finishing bricks and stones are sold in various colors, the strength of the structure allows you to mount a roof even from heavy natural tiles.
Tree in various forms: boards, lining, euro pallets, OSB boards. The basis of the structure will be a beam or pillars with a diameter of at least 10 cm or a round, square metal profile. Such a gazebo can be built quickly and at an affordable cost.
Constructions from forged metal, as a rule, have an exclusive design, are durable and are expensive. For budget options, a painted professional sheet is suitable.
The unusual materials from which you can build a gazebo include everything that has enough imagination:
Bottle made of glass or plastic. The structure is built on a foundation, a metal profile is used as a frame. Plastic bottles are fixed on rods, glass - on cement mortar. Lined in a certain way, they create walls with high noise and heat insulation. The building will have an unusual design that will allow you to realize your creative potential.
Cement mortar... For construction, the current technology of monolithic construction will be used. The roof and decorative inserts are made of plexiglass, cellular polycarbonate. Such a design will harmoniously look in an architectural ensemble of hi-tech or minimalism style.
Live plants from your garden. As a frame, a structure is created from wooden or metal supports, which are braided by climbing plants. The construction cost is the lowest, but it takes a lot of effort to care for flowers.
Vine, reed... Wicker gazebos will fit into any landscape, they look especially advantageous near water bodies. The hollow plant stem will provide an optimal microclimate inside the structure.
When choosing the right material, it is worth considering in what season you plan to relax in the gazebo.
Summer metal gazebo, braided with decorative vines
From what was.
The beautiful huts will surely appeal to many, but the buildings in the photo below someone, perhaps, will make them wrinkle their nose with disgust: “Fi! How wretched! " But chickens look at things differently from us, they do not need luxury, and therefore, if we take into account the purely practical side of the issue, such chicken coops from improvised material also have the right to life:
Chicken coops from scrap materials
Yes, these buildings are small and hardly suitable for wintering. But they are made, one might say, from practically nothing - both the cable coils and the old cabinet would live out their days in a landfill if they did not fall into the skillful hands of home craftsmen. If you love giving a second life to things, perhaps these ideas will inspire you to "feats".
With all the advantages of metal, it still has a number of solid flaws. For example, metal tiles make a strong "noise" during rain and hail. Everyone knows that, if the installation is incorrect, it can be heard, among other things, the "stomping" of birds on the roof. Another rather important flaw is the formation of condensation on the inside of the sheets, which over the years has the ability to lead to metal rust, the formation of fungus and mold.
If the roof was mounted somehow, then the roof at the points of attachment of the sheets of metal tile has the ability to pass. Naturally, these defects can be eliminated by approving heat and sound insulation made of mineral wool, as well as special anti-condensation films (waterproofing). Currently, most of all, as we constantly say, metal roofing is most likely considered a global roofing material.
She won her own fame thanks to her own decorativeness, strength, reliability, rather light installation and low weight. It is quite important that for the installation of metal tiles, it is not required to build strong rafter systems. Its next obvious advantage is that this roofing material is ideal for rebuilding ancient roofs. With all this, it is possible to mount the roof, as it were, on the basis of the previous roof. Not to mention the fact that, they say that metal tiles can be mounted on top of an already existing roof, if, of course, those are allowed. signs.
In addition, it should be noted that this roof has a long service life: if the material is from a decent manufacturer, it will work for 30 years. Although, including a roof made of high-quality metal tiles, it urgently asks for repeated maintenance, it is necessary, therefore, to tint any 5-10 years. From time to time, the metal tile also has manufacturing defects. For example, the inaccessibility of a primer, which leads to rust after only a few years of operation. Therefore, when purchasing, it is worth making sure that all the necessary coatings are present.
Regarding prices, at present, metal tiles can be purchased for both $ 6, but also $ 10 per 1 m2, based on its technical data and the manufacturer. Everyone has long known that it is true that a large part of the metal tiles on the Ukrainian market are Russian or, as everyone knows, made by foreseeable neighbors. Including the one that proudly wears the big brands.
It would be bad if we did not note what is undoubtedly, the more familiar the manufacturer, the higher the cost of the roofing material. Manufacturers release metal tiles with different polymer coatings. It is very well suited for the Ukrainian microclimate, although, finally, it has, as everyone says, low mechanical stability, i.e. spoil it with ease. The most resistant to human climatic and automatic effects of the coating are plastisol and pural. Although metal tiles with such coatings are approximately 25% more expensive than with polyester.
Experts also admit that when choosing a metal tile, you should direct your gaze to its coated thickness, it must be at least 0.45-0.55 mm. If you buy one that is thinner, you will need more noise and heat insulation materials, which means that the price of the roof will rise. And if it is thicker, the roof will become heavier and the cost of the rafter system will increase. Installation of metal tiles costs from $ 8 per 1 m2. The rule "the work costs as much as the quantity and material" is applicable to this moment.
Metal tile is one of the most durable and reliable materials for roofing, it is ideal for use in harsh climatic conditions. The steel sheet of the metal tile is protected by a multilayer polymer coating of various colors. The profile of the material follows the shape of perfectly laid natural tiles.
Appointment: for pitched roofs (recommended slope of 14 degrees). If the roof is flatter, that is, the angle of inclination is less, then the "pattern" of the tiles will no longer be visible. In this case, it is better to use corrugated board.
Structure: the same as that of corrugated board: it is made from rolled galvanized steel sheet with a coating by profiling waves and stamping a vertical step.
Shape and colors: rectangular sheets with a relief imitating rows of natural tiles. Thickness - from 0.4 to 0.6 mm, total width - 1.18 m, useful width - 1.1 m, different length: from 0.45 to 8 m. Profile height - from 14 to 21 mm. Manufacturing according to individual sizes is possible. The color scheme is varied (according to the RAL and RR palette). The most popular colors are shades of brown, red, green.
Weight of 1 m²: 4-5 kg.
Properties: Among the advantages of metal tiles are long service life, noble appearance, ease of installation, relatively low cost. But at the same time, the metal tile is heat-conducting and electrically conductive, it gets very hot in hot weather.
Price for 1 m²: from about 200 to 350 rubles. (depending on the thickness of the sheet and the type of coating). On the Russian market there are tiles of European (usually Finnish or Swedish) and Russian production (both from domestic raw materials and from imported ones). The cost of imported tiles is slightly higher than domestic ones.
Life time: up to 50 years.
Installation features: Sheets of metal tiles are attached to the crate with roofing screws. The step of the lathing should coincide with the step of the steps of the metal tile. Manufacturers complete their products with original additional elements that give the roof a complete look and additional protection from adverse environmental influences. Many manufacturers make mounting holes during production. For example, this is the characteristic of Finnish metal tiles. If there are no holes, you will have to make them yourself.
More details about metal tiles can be found in a separate article, Exploring metal tiles.
For small areas
Many summer residents have a very modest territory on which they want, in addition to a house, to equip a garden, and plant beds with vegetables, plant flowers, and allocate a place for rest ... It is not an easy task. Well, if you suddenly wanted to get some birds too - what to do? Build a compact chicken coop! For example, as in these photos:
Simple chicken coops for small areas
Perhaps the most interesting to me was the two-tier structure in the photo in the center: it takes up a minimum of usable space, but at the same time it contains everything you need, and even a mini-flower bed!
Which of these options caught your attention? How practical and useful do you think the ideas presented are?
For future henchmen, especially Zulfira and Irina.
Zulfira, soon you will have such beauty!
I'll add, basically this is ----
How do you like this idea?
This is a dried water reed (Latin Phragmites Australis) that grows along the shores of lakes and in the floodplains of rivers. Our country has the richest reed resources.
The best quality material grows in the estuaries of the Krasnodar Territory. It is not surprising that a truly industrial harvesting of material for a natural roof has been established there (including the following steps - reed mowing, drying, leaf removal, knitting into sheaves of different heights and sizes, packing in "packs" of 70-80 sheaves). Vegetable roofs are characterized by combined qualities that only Nature itself could give. They do not require under-roof ventilation, hydro, steam and thermal insulation. Growing in water, roofing reed is water repellent. In rainy weather, reed roofs absorb water very slowly, completely saturating only the surface layer 3–5 cm thick with moisture. The waterproofing of the covering is achieved through special installation techniques. There are several types of it. For example, the Polish knitting of reed roofs is one of the most labor-intensive. Moreover, as a result, it gives a relatively loose roofing sheet. The tightest knitting is achieved with Dutch technology, now recognized as the most reliable and durable.The best results can be achieved only when using straight stems, up to 6-8 mm in diameter. It should be noted that each project for performing high-quality work on the installation of a reed roof requires the use of source material (sheaves of peeled reeds), of different lengths and shapes and ages - no more than a year. If you, Marina, come across crooked or twisted stems as raw materials, it is difficult to expect high quality, since the latter reduce the density of the roofing sheet.. And this, in turn, leads to a decrease in the moisture resistance of the coating - the main consumer parameter of the roof.
The stalk structure provides air exchange and self-ventilation of the roof, that is, it allows the coating to “breathe”. Insulating qualities are also inherent in roofing cane. The coefficient of thermal conductivity of the material is comparable to that of mineral wool slabs (0.042 W / m · ºС - versus 0.037 W / m · ºС for a basalt heat insulator, for example, by Rockwool). Therefore, it is not surprising that the roof covering 35–30 cm thick fully meets modern heat engineering requirements.
The material is characterized by attractive picturesqueness. Reed roofing softens the sharp outlines of the rafter system. The cane is supplied in sheaves. The laying of the material is carried out on top of the crate, attached to the rafter system exclusively with self-tapping screws (without the use of nails). The base must be highly rigid and resistant to deformation.
One square meter of reed roof, depending on the project, there are from 30 to 50! fastening points.
For each roof covering, there is a specific roof pitch angle. So, for reed, it is determined by the factor of the impossibility of moisture penetration when draining from the roof. Therefore, in addition to the angle of inclination, the length of the rafter leg also plays a role. So with its size of 2-2.5 m, experts undertake to make a reed roof with a slope of only 18º. As practice shows, for this sprint two-meter path, raindrops do not have time to penetrate the roofing sheet. However, if the length of the rafter approaches five to seven meters, it is required to increase the slope to at least 35º. To increase the service life of the roof without significant restoration measures, it is necessary to take into account the projected angle of inclination of the roof from 45 degrees and above!
I will send information about a manufacturer of such beauty to your mailbox.
Marina, I came across this idea - a walking gallery for chickens. It seems that it can be easily moved to a new place when the grass is pecked, which is definitely a plus - the birds need greens every day. And they, ungrateful, trample more than peck what you give them. Another positive point is that the rest of the space is inaccessible to chickens! And one more - the birds themselves are safe (from the same dogs).
Discussion in our group on VKontakte:
The group discussed different ideas for chicken coops:
Sergey Makazeb: Cool.
El Ka: Last photo - immediately get an omelet for breakfast
Natalia Pashkova: Nice. But not practical. The first photo - the perch is not made for beauty, the chickens, when they sleep, nestle against each other. Warm and safe.
The second photo is the same situation. My (in the past) chickens would not sleep on this.
The nests in 5 photos are unprotected, unrestrained. They will rush anywhere, but not there. And chickens do not like when the nests are nearby. I don’t know why.
They will definitely not climb into the buckets, and the last drawing is generally complete nonsense. Indeed - immediately an omelet, if the chicken does not come out of there earlier. Alla, designers, were you just taught to draw?
Natalia Silevich: Just like in a museum, but no matter how many nests you put in chickens, they climb into one, two or three of them sit in a nest.
Andrey Koreshkov: We have done it according to the second principle, but no one is sitting on 1 pole
Galina Vorobyova: Pretty hens!
Dmitry Zharikov: Though they can spread their wings)
You can participate in the discussion by going to the page in our group on vKontakte.
And this is our mobile chicken coop, my husband made. We take chickens for the summer. We periodically transfer the chicken coop to fresh grass.
The hanging box is the nest. It opens, easy to take out eggs and clean